(Maps) Cambridgeshire : 32 items
J. Speed    Theatre of the Empire of Great Britaine 1612-14 (1612)
52.5 x 38.5cm

John Speed's maps of the English and Welsh counties are amongst the most decorative of early, British cartographic work, and are eagerly sought after today. They were first published in 1612 in The Theatre of the Empire of Great Britaine, designed as a companion volume to Speed's History of Great Britaine. The maps were based on the earlier surveys of Saxton, Norden and a few others, with engraving contracted to Jodocus Hondius whose signature appears on 33 of the maps. Speed's greatest innovation was the inclusion of inset plans of major towns and cities. Although some were copied from earlier work, for many towns this was first plan ever published. Speed's county atlas was re-issued a number of times for a period of around 160 years, with new publishers making various small changes and updates to the maps over time. This example bears the imprint of Sudbury and Humble dating it to one of the earlier editions between 1611 and c1650. A couple of minor repaired marginal tears not impinging the printed area. The colouring is less skilful than the best examples, but still an attractive example of this popular map.
Ref: CAM 051
J. Blaeu    Theatrum Orbis Terrarum 1645-62
51.5 x 41.5cm

The Blaeu family were one of the leading Dutch map producers of the 17th century. Their major work was a multi volume world atlas initiated by Willem Blaeu and expanded by his son Joan. Their maps were beautifully designed and engraved, and are often found with original colour, making them most desirable to collectors. 1645 saw the first publication of volume 4 of the atlas, containing maps of England and Wales. There were several re-issues between then and 1672 when most of Blaeu's plates were lost in a fire which engulfed his Amsterdam premises. Latin text on the verso narrows dating of this example to the editions of 1645, 1648 or 1662. The map is in original colour, embellished with gold-leaf highlights, marking it out as a special order.
Ref: CAM 007
R. Blome    Britannia 1673
26 x 29.5cm

Originally intended as volume 3 of a larger cartographic project (The English Atlas), Richard Blome's Britannia was published alone in 1673. A rare second edition was issued in 1677. This Cambridgeshire map is from the first edition of the work, and was dedicated to Sir Thomas Chicheley of Wimpole Hall (today owned by the National Trust).At the time of the map's publication he was Master General of the Ordnance and was a privy councillor to King Charles II. In return for his patronage of Blome's project Chicheley received this dedication on the county map, and also appeared in the list of the nobility and gentry of the county, his coat of arms being further included amongst the 816 illustrated in the volume. Mounted.
Ref: CAM 177
T. Badeslade W. Toms    Chorographia Britanniae 1742
14.5 x 15cm

Chorographia Britanniae was one of the most popular 18th century atlases, offering county maps showing main roads, a handy pocket-size format and useful extra information provided in the notes. Maps from fhe first edition published in 1742 (but with maps dated 1741) initially had sparse topographical information, but within a few months a second edition was issued in which the maps were re-engraved to include many more towns and villages. Several later re-issues followed and the work continued to be advertised until at least 1759. This example is dated 1741, and is from the first edition of the work.
Ref: CAM 145
T. Kitchin    The Antiquities of England and Wales 1787-98 (1750)
16.5 x 22cm

This map was first published in the December 1750 edition of the London Magazine, which between 1747 and 1754 issued a complete set of English county maps by Thomas Kitchin. The maps were later re-published by Alexander Hogg in Boswell's Antiquities of England & Wales, initially in partwork from c1787-9, and then in several complete editions of the work up to 1798. This example of the Berkshire map is from the first complete edition of Boswell's Antiquities dating from c1789.
Ref: CAM 017
J. Ellis    Ellis's English Atlas 1765-86 (1765)
19.5 x 25.5cm

Joseph Ellis's English Atlas was an entry into the market for small county atlases by its publishers Robert Sayer and Carington Bowles. The county maps were closely based upon those drawn by Thomas Kitchin for the 1763 topographical work England Illustrated, the major difference being the attractive vignettes which replaced Kitchin's rococco cartouches. The atlas was first published in 1765, and soon became a commercial success, running to many later editions. It was promoted as a travelling atlas, and made available in various formats. Mounted.
Ref: CAM 174
J. Ellis    Ellis's English Atlas 1766 (1765)
19.5 x 25.5cm

Joseph Ellis's English Atlas was an entry into the market for small county atlases by its publishers Robert Sayer and Carington Bowles. The county maps were closely based upon those drawn by Thomas Kitchin for the 1763 topographical work England Illustrated, the major difference being the attractive vignettes which replaced Kitchin's rococco cartouches. The atlas was first published in 1765, and soon became a commercial success, running to many later editions. It was promoted as a travelling atlas, and made available in various formats. These included a version with the maps printed back to back on each page, as with this example from a 1766 edition which has a map of Cheshire on the reverse.
Ref: CAM 068
G.A. Walpoole    The New British Traveller 1784
16 x 20cm

The New British Traveller was originally issued as a weekly partwork by the publisher Alexander Hogg, commencing in 1783. Once the series of 60 parts was completed in 1784 title pages were provided for the pages to be bound in a single volume. The work is a topographical review of Great Britain, containing numerous prints and a set of county and general maps. The maps are of varying sizes, being typically arranged 2,3 or 4 to a single page, with adjoining borders. When separated this means individual maps will be trimmed to the border on one or two sides and are often re-margined for mounting and framing. The map of Cambridgeshire is re-margined on one side and sold ready-mounted.
Ref: CAM 111
J. Cary    New and Correct English Atlas 1793 (1787)
21 x 26.5cm

The last decades of the 18th century saw less emphasis being placed on the traditions of decorative mapmaking in favour of a plainer style and design. Foremost amongst this new wave of "modern" cartographers and engravers was John Cary. The New and Correct English Atlas was Cary's first major production as a publisher in his own account. The maps were not only clearly and elegantly drawn and engraved, but also set new standards in accuracy in taking advantage of all the new large-scale county surveys of the second half of the 18th century. The atlas was first published in 1787, with a re-issue in 1793. By 1808 the plates were well worn, and the engraving of a new set was begun. The next dated edition of 1809 utilised these new plates. This example is from the edition of 1793. Original outline colour with later enhancement.
Ref: CAM 169
J. Harrison    Maps of the English Counties 1790
32 x 46cm

Harrison's atlas was published in 1791, but maps were engraved and dated between 1787 and 1791, and may have been sold singly as completed. Cambridgeshire is dated 1790. Modern colour.
Ref: CAM 192
C. Smith    New English Atlas 1804
49.5 x 44cm

Charles Smith was a successful London publisher and map-seller, whose work is stylistically very similar to that of John Cary. His large format New English Atlas first came to market in 1804, but many of the maps have also been found in folding format and may have been sold individually before the publication of the atlas. Smith's maps were well designed and accurate, making use of the large scale county surveys of the previous half-century. The atlas was a commercial success and was up-dated and re-published regularly until c1865 (the latter editions produced by lithographic transfer). This example, in full original colour, is from an early edition of the atlas in 1804. Slight creasing to the outer right, white margin.
Ref: CAM 100
J. Cary    New English Atlas 1811 (1809)
48 x 53.5cm

It is suprising that Cary's large county atlas was issued as late as 1809, as individual maps from it seem to have been sold singly from 1801. The atlas format was perhaps to compete with the similarly sized atlas of Charles Smith, which went under the same title and was published in 1804. It is perhaps Cary's finest production, the maps being notable for their fine design, detail and engraving. The atlas ran to several later editions by Cary, and the plates were later used for a variety of lithographic transfers by G.F. Cruchley. This example is from the second edition of 1811, and is in original full colour.
Ref: CAM 074
J. Wallis P. Martin    Martin's Sportsman's Almanack, Kalender and Travellers' Guide 1818 (1812)
9.5 x 13cm

This map drawn and engraved by James Wallis, was first published in 1812 in Wallis's New Pocket Edition of the English Counties or Travellers Companion. It was subsequently re-issued in 1818 in the quoted almanack published by P. Martin, from which this example comes.
Ref: CAM 013
G. Cooke    Cooke's Topography of Great Britain c1810
11 x 12cm

Uncoloured. The map is supplied together with its original 156 page guide book. The guide was published in paper covers - the front and spine still extant but the rear cover missing. The pages are uncut. The map shows some slight offsetting, and some of the pages of the descriptive text are a little rubbed at the edges, but nice to own the complete item. The maps were also used in other later publications.
Ref: CAM 076
J. Pigot    British Atlas 1829-c1857
22 x 36cm

James Pigot & Co's county maps were issued in their British Atlas (from c1829), in several of their national and local business directories (from 1826 for the "home counties", at least), and singly in folding form as travelling maps. They were amongst the first maps to be printed from steel instead of copper plates, allowing more accurate fine detail and less wear to the plates over time. Atlas and directories went through several editions up to around 1857, later editions from 1846 being re-named Slater's New British Atlas, with imprints changed accordingly. Original outline colour. Supplied with the text page from the atlas.
Ref: CAM 006
R. Creighton S. Lewis    A Topographical Dictionary of England 1833 or 1835 (1831)
17.5 x 24cm

Samuel Lewis' Topographical Dictionary was first published in 1831, and there were a mumber or re-issues up to 1849. The county maps, which were drawn by R. Creighton and engraved by J.& C. Walker, were sometimes published with the text and sometimes in a separate, accompanying atlas volume. This example dates from the 1833 or 1835 editions. Modern colour.
Ref: CAM 143
R. Creighton S. Lewis    View of the Representative History of England 1835
18.5 x 24cm

This work was published in 1835 as a companion volume to Lewis's Topographic Dictionary. It contains county and borough maps, drawn by R. Creighton and engaved by J.& C. Walker, and was designed to show the electoral and boundary changes effected by the 1832 Reform Act. There were 2 issues of the work in 1835 and 1840, this example of the county map being from the 1835 first edition. Original outline colour.
Ref: CAM 015
C. Greenwood    Atlas of the Counties of England 1834
70.5 x 57cm

Between 1817 and 1833 the brothers Charles and John Greenwood surveyed all the counties of England and Wales for their beautifully engraved county atlas finally published in 1834. Maps were also sold singly as produced. The Cambridgeshire map was surveyed in 1832/33 and this example's centrefold suggests it was sold in atlas format. Original full wash colour. Slightly grubby and with some print off-setting, as is often the case with the Greenwoods' maps.
Ref: CAM 098
J. Barclay T. Moule    Barclay's Universal English Dictionary 1842-52
20 x 27cm

Thomas Moule's antiquarian leanings are evident in this series of highly decorative county maps - a stylistic throwback in an age when cartographic work had become much plainer and more utilitarian. The maps were engraved by W. Smollinger, J. Bingley and J. Dower, and first appeared in Moule's English Counties Delineated, a partwork with text issued from 1830-32. They were subsequently made available as a complete work in 1837 under the same title, and were later re-issued in Barclay's Universal English Dictionary between 1842 and 1852. This latter work ran to several editions and the maps were often updated between editions to show the latest growth of the railway network. This example is from an edition of Barclay's Dictionary. Modern colour. Supplied mounted and ready to frame.
Ref: CAM 138
J. Walker W. Hobson    Hobson's Fox-hunting Atlas 1849
32.5 x 40.5cm

In 1849 maps from the Walkers' British Atlas (first issued in 1835) were used for this new publication for the hunting enthusiast. Lithographic transfers were taken from the basee maps, which were then overprinted and coloured to show the territories of the various hunts.The Atlas continued into the 1880's, later editions being titled "Walkers Fox-hunting Atlas" This example is from the first edition of 1849, so identified by the hunt names being overprinted in black outline and then hand coloured in blue. Later editions had the hunt names printed in blue, with references to adjoining pages removed. Slight soiling to the outer margins.
Ref: CAM 150
C. Smith    New English Atlas (reduced version) 1828 or 1833 (1822)
18.5 x 24cm

In 1822 Charles Smith issued a county atlas with maps based on his larger county maps which had been in circulation for over 20 years. The new maps were smaller in scale, but the atlas bore the same title as that in which his larger maps appeared. They are clearly drawn and engraved, but although there were several editions of the atlas, they are today amongst the rarer of the 18th century county maps. This example is from the edition of 1828 or 1833, in which the maps have no date in the imprint, but before railways were added for the edition of 1844. Original outline colour.
Ref: CAM 028
R. Dawson    Parliamentary Representation …. Reports from Commissioners on Proposed Division of Counties and Boundaries of Boroughs 1831/2
18 x 28cm

This map formed part of a Parliamentary Report, submitted in December 1831, showing proposed changes to electoral arrangements and boundaries which were subsequently enacted in the 1832 Reform Act. The report and maps were subsequently published for public consumption in 1832. Dawson was a Lieutenant in the Royal Engineers charged with survey and production of maps to illustrate the changes. Original colour.
Ref: CAM 172
T. Murray    An Atlas of the English Counties 1830
35.5 x 45cm

The title page of Murray's county atlas states that the maps were "Projected on the basis of the Trigonometrical Survey by order of the hon.ble The Board of Ordnance, under the superindendance of T.L. Murray". This might seem to imply the project had at least the official blessing, if not the active involvement of the Ordnance Survey, but is more likely to be a marketing puff. D. Hodson has suggested that the maps were copied from those of William Ebden published from 1825-8, both sets also being engraved by the same firm of Hoare & Reeves. Murray's Atlas was first published in 1830, with second and third editions in 1831 and 1832, the latter with the adddition of electoral data. by 1838 the plates had been acquired by W. Robson & Co. who published and sold the maps individually, and also used them in their commercial directories. This example is from the first edition of 1830. Original colour.
Ref: CAM 034
W. Cobbett     A Geographical Dictionary of England and Wales 1832 or 1854
10 x 18cm

William Cobbett is probably best known for his work Rural Rides dealing with rural depopulation, but also entered the market for topographical dictionaries, publishing A Geographical Dictionary of England and Wales in 1832. The work contained a set of very sketchy and simplistic county maps. There was a second edition in 1854, but neither seems to have sold well as today Cobbet's maps are rarely encountered.
Ref: CAM 142
S. Hall    A Travelling County Atlas 1853 or 1854 (1831)
19 x 26cm

This set of maps were first published in 1831 in A Topographical Dictionary of Great Britain and Ireland by John Gorton. They were later re-issued, with various amendments, in several other works including Hall's New British Atlas (1833-36) and A Travelling County Atlas (1842-1875). Based on the publishers' address in the imprint and markings for stations, this example can be dated to the 1853 or 1854 editions of the A Travelling County Atlas. Original outline colour to the county border, with later enhancements.
Ref: CAM 165
A. Perrot    L'Angleterre, ou Description Historique et Topographique du Royaume de la Grande-Bretagne 1824-35
6 x 10.5cm

The text for this French topographical work on Britain was written by George Depping, the maps being drawn by Aristide Perrot and engraved by A. Migneret. It was first published in 1824, with subsequent editions in 1828 and 1835. The maps often cover more than one county as in this example which also includes Bedfordshire, Huntingdonshire and Hertfordshire. The surrounding decorative border shows the typical produce and wares of the counties. Original outline colour
Ref: HRT 1685
J. Archer    Dugdale's Curiosities of Great Britain, England and Wales Delineated c1846-48 (1842)
17.5 x 23.5cm

This map first appeared in 1842 in Dugdale's Curiosities of Great Britain, England and Wales Delineated. This copy is from the 1846, 1847 or 1848 editions of the work, for which the original imprint below the border, "Engraved for Dugdale's England and Wales Delineated" was removed. The same set of maps were later also used in other publications such as Barclay's Universal English Dictionary, and Tallis's Topographical Dictionary of England and Wales. Original outline colour.
Ref: CAM 119
R. Miller    Miller's New Miniature Atlas c1822 or 1825 (c1821)
7 x 11cm

Miller's miniature county atlas was undated, but issued in c1821. There were re-issues in c1822 and 1825 under the imprints of William Darton, who presumably bought the publishing rights from Miller. This example is from one of the two Darton editions. An uncommon map.
Ref: CAM 162
E. Bowen    Atlas Anglicanus 1767
22.5 x 32.5cm

The success of the Large English Atlas from 1760 encouraged Emanuel Bowen and Thomas Kitchin to produce reduced-scale versions to cover the markets for medium and small-size atlases. The Royal English Atlas was published in c1764 to target the medium-size market, and the Atlas Anglicanus followed for the small-scale market. Both copied the Large English Atlas in style, with rococo cartouches, and topographical notes surrounding the maps. The maps for the Atlas Anglicanus were first issued in monthly partworks between 1767 and 1768 before the complete atlas followed in 1768. Emanuel Bowen died in 1767, and his son Thomas took over the engraving of the remaining maps. Kitchin acted as publisher for the atlas edition, but probably not for the original partwork. There was a second edition of the atlas in c1777, before the plates passed to Carington Bowles and were updated and re-issued as Bowles' New Medium English Atlas in 1785. The Atlas Anglicanus was not a commercial success and maps from it are not commonly found. This example of the Cambridgeshire map was issued in 1767 as part of the original partwork series, as it has a plate number but lacks Kitchin's publisher's imprint. A narrow left hand margin. Uncommon.
Ref: CAM 178
J. Dower M.A. Pittman    The Sporting Magazine c1841-3
22.5 x 18cm

Mr. Muir's Hunt. These hunting maps, engraved by John Dower for M.A. Pittman, originally appeared in the Sporting Review magazine in the early 1840's. The full set of 24 maps were also issued as The Fox Hunter's Atlas in c1843 and c1850. A later issue of the atlas in c1857 had 28 maps. Individual folding examples have also been found in red silk covers.The maps are based on the territory of each hunt irrespective of county borders.This example shows Mr. Muir's hunt, covering parts of Suffolk and Cambridgeshire. Modern colour.
Ref: REG 1535
J. Wallis S. Oddy    Wallis's New Britlish Atlas 1813
17.5 x 26.5cm

James Wallis's New British Atlas was first published in 1813 by S.A. Oddy. There was a second edition in 1816. This example is from the first edition and is dated 1812 on the imprint. It is in attractive, original, full wash colour, and in good condition.
Ref: CAM 1447
W. Kip    Camden's Britannia 1637 (1607)
32 x 28.5cm

The first 5 editions of Camden's successful history and topography of Britain were without maps, but for the sixth edition of 1607 the engravers William Hole and William Kip were commissioned to provide a set of maps of the counties of England and Wales, plus 3 general maps of the countries comprising the new "United Kingdom". These maps were retained for the subsequent 1610 and 1637 editions. They are based on the earlier work of Saxton, Norden, Smith and Owen. The Cambridgeshire map,engraved by William Kip, is based on that of Saxton, and is the second earliest printed map of the county as an individual entity.This example is from the 1610 edition of Britannia, so dated from the lack of text to the verso, and lack of the plate number 21 which was added for the 1637 edition.
Ref: CAM 026