(Maps) Hertfordshire : 30 items
W. Kip    Camden's Britannia 1637 (1607)
34.5 x 28cm

The first five editions of Camden's successful history and topography of Britain were without maps, but for the sixth edition of 1607 the engravers William Hole and William Kip were commissioned to provide a set of maps of the counties of England and Wales, plus 3 general maps of the countries comprising the new "United Kingdom". These maps were retained for the subsequent 1610 and 1637 editions. They are based on the earlier work of Saxton, Norden, Smith and Owen. This attractively coloured example is from the 1637 edition.
Ref: HRT 251
J. Speed    Theatre of the Empire of Great Britaine 1623-32 (1612)
50.5 x 38cm

John Speed's maps of the English and Welsh counties are amongst the most decorative of early, British cartographic work, and are eagerly sought after today. They were first published in 1612 in The Theatre of the Empire of Great Britaine, designed as a companion volume to Speed's History of Great Britaine. The maps were based on the earlier surveys of Saxton, Norden and a few others, with engraving contracted to Jodocus Hondius whose signature appears on 33 of the maps. Speed's greatest innovation was the inclusion of inset plans of major towns and cities. Although some were copied from earlier work, for many towns this was first plan ever published. Speed's county atlas was re-issued a number of times for a period of around 160 years, with new publishers making various small changes and updates to the maps over time. This example bears the imprint of Sudbury and Humble, dating its issue to between 1611 and 1654. Repair to centrefold.
Ref: HRT 252
J. Blaeu    Theatrum Orbis Terrarum 1647,1648 or 1664 (1645)
49.5 x 38cm

The Blaeu family were one of the leading Dutch map producers of the 17th century. Their major work, the Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, later titled the Atlas Maior, was a multi volume world atlas initiated by Willem Blaeu and expanded by his son Joan. Their maps were beautifully designed and engraved, and are often found with original colour, making them most desirable to collectors. 1645 saw the first publication of volume 4 of the atlas, containing maps of England and Wales. There were several re-issues between then and 1672 when most of Blaeu's plates were lost in a fire which engulfed his Amsterdam premises. Dutch text to verso dates this example to 1647, 1648 or 1664. Original full colour. Repaired tears to top and lower centrefold well outside the printed area. Some soiling to margins, but the printed area generally clean and fresh.
Ref: HRT 1249
G. Valck J. Jansson P. Schenk    Sold singly and in composite atlases 1694-c1715 (1646)
54 x 43cm

Jan Jansson was one of Amsterdam's leading 17th century mapmakers, and a close rival to the Blaeu family. His multi-volume world atlas first saw the introduction of 6 maps of individual English counties into the German edition of 1636, and a further 11 of English and Welsh counties in the Dutch edition of 1644. But when Jansson saw the 1645 Blaeu volume with more decorative maps covering all the English and Welsh counties, he felt obliged to revise his existing plates and complete the set in order to compete. His new volume covering England and Wales was first published in the 1646 Latin text edition of the Atlas Novus. In 1694 the printing plates were acquired by the Amsterdam firm of Schenk and Valk who made various revisions, and sold the maps singly or in composite atlases. This example, covering both Hertfordshire and Middlesex, bears the Schenk and Valck imprint, and has had a graticule of latitude and longitude added. Original full colour.
Ref: MID 378
R. Blome    England Exactly Described 1715 (1681)
20.5 x 14.5cm

Blome's smaller series of county maps have a puzzling history. They seem to have been initiated before his larger maps for Britannia, but were not published until 1681 when they appeared under the title Speed's Maps Epitomiz'd. Blome re-issued them twice before his death in 1705. The plates were subsequently acquired by Thomas Taylor who brought out a new edition in 1715 titled England Exactly Described. There were further editions in 1715 (by Taylor), and in c1731 (by Thomas Bakewell). These later editions had roads added to the maps. This example of the Hertfordshire map is from the 1715 edition of the work. Original hand colour.
Ref: HRT 051
T. Kitchin    Large English Atlas 1749-60 (1749)
65.5 x 53cm

Original outline colour. Some repaired marginal nicks and tears not affecting the printed area. Some dampstaining to the side margins, but again well outside the printed area. Otherwise a very attractive specimen. This new series of maps was commenced in 1749, with maps sold singly until the last counties were completed and the full series issued in 1760 as the Large English Atlas. Hertfordshire was one of the first issued in 1749. J.Tinney's name on the imprint probably dates this copy to the first edition of the atlas in 1760, though it could have been sold individually as a pre-atlas copy between 1753 and 1760.
Ref: HRT 258
J. Ellis    Ellis's English Atlas 1766 (1765)
.24.5 x 19.5cm

Joseph Ellis's English Atlas was an entry into the market for small county atlases by its publishers Robert Sayer and Carington Bowles. The county maps were closely based upon those drawn by Thomas Kitchin for the 1763 topographical work England Illustrated, the major difference being the attractive vignettes which replaced Kitchin's rococco cartouches. The atlas was first published in 1765, and soon became a commercial success, running to many later editions. It was promoted as a travelling atlas, and made available in various formats. These included a version with the maps printed back to back on each page, as with this example from a 1766 edition which has a map of The Isle of Wight on the reverse.
Ref: HRT 259
J. Cary    New and Correct English Atlas 1809 (1787)
26 x 21cm

The last decades of the 18th century saw less emphasis being placed on the traditions of decorative mapmaking in favour of a plainer style and design. Foremost amongst this new wave of "modern" cartographers and engravers was John Cary. The New and Correct English Atlas was Cary's first major production as a publisher in his own account. The maps were not only clearly and elegantly drawn and engraved, but also set new standards in accuracy in taking advantage of all the new large-scale county surveys of the second half of the 18th century. The atlas was first published in 1787, with a re-issue in 1793. By 1808 the plates were well worn, and the engraving of a new set was begun. The next dated edition of 1809, from which this example comes, utilised these new plates. Original outline colour.
Ref: HRT 260
G.A. Walpoole    Camden's Britannia 1784
16 x 19.5cm

The New British Traveller. The New British Traveller was originally issued as a weekly partwork by the publisher Alexander Hogg, commencing in 1783. Once the series of 60 parts was completed in 1784 title pages were provided for the pages to be bound in a single volume. The work is a topographical review of Great Britain, containing numerous prints and a set of county and general maps. The maps are of varying sizes, being typically arranged 2,3 or 4 to a single page, with adjoining borders. The map of Herts is sold mounted ready for framing.
Ref: HRT 1513
C. Smith    New English Atlas 1808 (1804)
50 x 45cm

Charles Smith was a successful London publisher and map-seller, whose work is stylistically very similar to that of John Cary. His large format New English Atlas first came to market in 1804, but many of the maps have also been found in folding format and may have been sold individually before the publication of the atlas. Smith's maps were well designed and accurate, making use of the large scale county surveys of the previous half-century. The atlas was a commercial success and was up-dated and re-published regularly until c1865 (the latter editions produced by lithographic transfer). This example is from the 1808 second edition, and is in bright and original full colour.
Ref: HRT 262
J. Aiken    England Delineated 1790
14 x 10cm

John Aikin (or Aiken) wrote this topographical work for children in order "to make my young countrymen better acquainted than they are usually found to be with their native land". The first edition of 1788 did not include county maps, but these were added for the second edition of 1790, from which this example comes. The work was published by Joseph Johnson, but the maps are unsigned. There were four later editions of the book with the maps, and one without. The Hertfordshire map is fairly simple, befitting the needs of its target audience, and the text may be available at no extra charge.
Ref: HRT 263
B. Capper    Topographical Dictionary of the UK 1808
17.5 x 10.5cm

Benjamin Pitts Capper was the author of this topographical directory, first published by R. Phillips in 1808. The maps were engraved, and possibly drawn by H. Cooper. Later editions of the work carry the imprint of G.and W.B. Whittaker who re-published the book from 1825-34. This example is from the first edition of 1808, with the hundreds shown in original, full wash colour.
Ref: HRT 264
J. Cary    New English Atlas 1811 (1809)
53.5 x 47.5cm

It is suprising that Cary's large county atlas was issued as late as 1809, as individual maps from it seem to have been sold singly from 1801. The atlas format was perhaps to compete with the similarly sized atlas of Charles Smith, which went under the same title and was published in 1804. It is perhaps Cary's finest production, the maps being notable for their fine design, detail and engraving. The atlas ran to several later editions by Cary, and the plates were later used for a variety of lithographic transfers by G.F. Cruchley. This example is from the second edition of 1811, and is in original full colour.
Ref: HRT 265
A. Fullarton    The Parliamentary Gazetteer of England and Wales 1847 (1833)
24 x 19cm

These maps were first published by Fullarton and Co. in 1833 in James Bell's New and Comprehensive Gazetteer of England and Wales which was re-issued three times in the 1830's. They were subsequently re-published (again by Fullarton) in 1840 in The Parliamentary Gazetteer of England and Wales, with several further re-issues up to 1849. The maps were engraved on steel and sometimes bear the name of the engraver and sometimes not. This example is from the Parliamentary Gazetteer of 1847 and bears the signature of Gray & Son as engravers. Supplied mounted and ready for framing.
Ref: HRT 267
J. Walker R. Creighton    View of the Representative History of England 1835
23.5 x 19cm

This work was published in 1835 as a companion volume to Lewis's Topographic Dictionary. It contains county and borough maps, drawn by R. Creighton and engaved by J.& C. Walker, and was designed to show the electoral and boundary changes effected by the 1832 Reform Act. There were 2 issues of the work in 1835 and 1840, this example of the county map being from the 1835 first edition. Original outline colour.
Ref: HRT 003
H. Moll    A New Description of England and Wales/A Set of Fifty New and Correct Maps of England and Wales 1724-35
31 x 19cm

This map first appeared in A New Description of England and Wales, first published by Herman Moll and Thomas and John Bowles in 1724. The work was a topography of England and Wales, based on Camden's Britannia, and accompanied by a set of maps of the English and Welsh counties. The maps were subsequently issued separately in several editions, and under different titles, as a county atlas, for which plate numbers were added. This example is the second state of the map, bearing the plate number 18. This dates it to one of the editions of A New Description of England and Wales or of A Set of Fifty New and Correct Maps of England and Wales published between 1724 and 1739.
Ref: HRT 031
F. Grose J. Seller    The Antiquities of England & Wales 1787-1809 (1695)
14.5 x 12cm

In 1695 John Seller published a county atlas titled Anglia Contracta. The plates were much later acquired by Francis Grose, revised, and used in a supplement to his partwork on British antiquities. The supplement with maps was first published in 1787, and ran to several later editions. The Grose edition is most easily distinguished by simplification of the original title cartouches, and by the addition of text below the map, continued on the verso.
Ref: HRT 017
J. Luffman    A New Pocket Atlas and Geography of England and Wales 1806 (1803)
7 x 14cm

Luffman's atlas was designed as a geographical aid to children. It was first issued in 1803, with a second edition in 1806 which is distinguished, as with this example, by the positioning of the plate number immediately above the circular map. It is uncommon.
Ref: HRT 030
J. Seller    Anglia Contracta/A History of England/Camden's Britannia Abridged 1695-1703
14.5 x 12cm

First published in Anglia Contracta in c1695, Seller's maps were subsequently reissued in A History of England in 1696, and in Camden's Britannia Abridged in 1701. They were later re-used in the 1780's in Grose's Antiquities of England and Wales, for which titles and scale-bars were changed, the maps also being set in a page of text. The Seller/Grose maps are common, the originals by Seller much less so.
Ref: HRT 016
A. Perrot    L'Angleterre, ou Description Historique et Topographique du Royaume de la Grande-Bretagne 1824-35
6 x 10.5cm

The text for this French topographical work on Britain was written by George Depping, the maps being drawn by Aristide Perrot and engraved by A. Migneret. It was first published in 1824, with subsequent editions in 1828 and 1835. The maps often cover more than one county as in this example which also includes Bedfordshire, Huntingdonshire and Cambridgeshire. The surrounding decorative border shows the typical produce and wares of the counties. Original outline colour
Ref: HRT 1685
E. Bowen J. Owen    Britannia Depicta 1720-c1764
11.5 x 18.0cm

Britannia Depicta was one of 3 pocket-sized reductions of Ogilby's road book that appeared within an 18 month timeframe between 1719 and 1720. It was more innovative than the others in including much additional topographical and historical information (researched by John Owen) on the maps. The work was a commercial success and ran to many later editions up to c1764. Supplied mounted and ready to frame.
Ref: HRT 004
J. Wallis S. Oddy    Wallis's New Britlish Atlas 1813
26 x 17.5cm

James Wallis's New British Atlas was first published in 1813 by S.A. Oddy. There was a second edition in 1816. This example is from the first edition and is dated 1812 on the imprint. It is in attractive, original, full wash colour.
Ref: HRT 1558
E. Bowen    The Natural History of England 1763 (1759)
20.5 x 16.5cm

This map first appeared in 1759 in Benjamin Martin's General Magazine of Arts and Sciences, a monthly partwork which commenced publication in the same year. In 1763 those parts relating to natural history were collected together into 2 volumes with the county maps and offered under the title The Natural History of England. There were no later re-issues and the maps are not common.
Ref: HRT 014
R. Morden    Britannia 1722 (1695)
45 x 36.5cm

Camden's Britannia - a history and topography of Britain - was first published in 1586 and had a long and successful publication history. County maps by Kip and Hole were addded in 1607, and these also appeared in the editions of 1610 and 1637. Over 50 year's later it was decided to issue a new and updated edition. The original Latin text was re-translated by Edmund Gibson, and Robert Morden was commissioned to provide a new set of county and general maps in a more modern style. The revised work was issued in 1695. There were 4 further editions of the Gibson/Morden work, the last in 1772, before a further updated version by Richard Gough was launched in 1789, with new maps by John Cary. This example is from the third Gibson edition of 1722. An ex-library blind-stamp to the white margin, but a nice example.
Ref: HRT 027
J. Cary    Traveller's Companion 1792 (1790)
9 x 3cm

Original outline colour. Slightly browned. Cary's Traveller's Companion was first published in 1790. It proved very popular as a pocket atlas and road book, and ran to several editions up to c 1828. This example is dated 1792, and is sold in a black and gold "Hogarth" frame.
Ref: HRT 1506
J. Bill    The Abridgement of Camden's Britannia 1626
12.5 x 9cm

An attractive and rare county map, as the work was only ever printed in one edition with a print run suggested as just 200. The maps were copied from Saxton, and are notable as the first set of county maps to show latitude and longitude. A true collector's item from the rarest of English county atlases. 240
Ref: HRT 049
R. Ramble W. Darton    Reuben Ramble's Travel's through the Counties of England 1845
19 x 15.5cm

These maps (without the decorative borders) were first issued in 1821 in Miller's New Miniature Atlas. The plates were later acquired by William Darton who re-issued them as a miniature atlas, but also used the maps, now further embellished by country scenes, in this children's work. Reuben Ramble is an invented character. Original colour to the illustrations.
Ref: HRT 050
F. Vivares    A History of the Ancient and Royal Foundation, called the Abbey of St. Alban… 1795
50.5 x 41cm

The author of this work was the Reverend Peter Newcome, rector of Shenley in Hertfordshire. It was published in two parts, the first in 1793 and the second in 1795, and there were no later re-issues. This map of the county was presumably issued in the second part as it is dated 1794 in the imprint. It was engraved by Francis Joseph Vivares, whose father Francis Vivares was also an engraver, specialising in landscape prints.Original colour to the boundaries, with modern colour to parks, major roads and some other features. An old repair to a tear, entering the left border by c8 cms resulting in some slight soiling, but without loss to the image. An uncommon item.
Ref: HRT 043
J. Cary    Britannia 1806 (1789)
49.5 x 39cm

Camden's Britannia was first published in 1586. County maps by Kip and Hole were first added in 1607, being supplanted by those of Robert Morden for the five editions from 1695 to 1772. In 1789 a new translation of the work by Richard Gough was published by T. Payne and G.&J. Robinson, with updated and modernised maps by John Cary. The same maps were also later used in Cary's New British Atlas of 1805. They can be found uncoloured, with outline colour, or with full wash colour. This example is from the second Gough edition of Britannia, published in 1806 (though the map bears the date 1805).
Ref: HRT 038
B.R. Davies    Weekly Dispatch Atlas 1863 (1860)
42.5 x 31cm

Benjamin Rees Davies first drew this map for the Weekly Dispatch newspaper as part of a series published between 1857 and 1863. The Hertfordshire map was issued in 1860. The subsequent history of the maps includes re-issues in The Dispatch Atlas in 1863, Cassell's Complete Atlas in 1863, Cassell's British Atlas in 1865, Bacon's County Atlas in 1869, and Bacon's New Large Scale Ordnance Atlas from 1883. All editions of the maps were by lithographic transfer. This example is from The Weekly Dispatch Atlas, published in 1863. Later colour.
Ref: HRT 044