(Maps) Oxfordshire : 28 items
W. Hole    Camden's Britannia 1637 (1607)
29 x 27cm

The first five editions of Camden's successful history and topography of Britain were without maps, but for the sixth edition of 1607 the engravers William Hole and William Kip were commissioned to provide a set of maps of the counties of England and Wales, plus 3 general maps of the countries comprising the new "United Kingdom". These maps were retained for the subsequent 1610 and 1637 editions. They are based on the earlier work of Saxton, Norden, Smith and Owen. This attractively coloured example is from the 1637 edition. Minor repair to fraying at bottom right edge of sheet, well outside the printed area.
Ref: OXF 584
J. Speed    Theatre of the Empire of Great Britaine 1676 (1612)
52 x 38.5cm

John Speed's maps of the English and Welsh counties are amongst the most decorative of early, British cartographic work, and are eagerly sought after today. They were first published in 1612 in The Theatre of the Empire of Great Britaine, designed as a companion volume to Speed's History of Great Britaine. The maps were based on the earlier surveys of Saxton, Norden and a few others, with engraving contracted to Jodocus Hondius whose signature appears on 33 of the maps. Speed's greatest innovation was the inclusion of inset plans of major towns and cities. Although some were copied from earlier work, for many towns this was first plan ever published. Speed's county atlas was re-issued a number of times for a period of around 160 years, with new publishers making various small changes and updates to the maps over time. This example bears the imprint of Basset & Chiswell dating it to the edition of 1676.
Ref: OXF 585
R. Blome    England Exactly Described 1715 (1681)
21 x 18.5cm

Blome's smaller series of county maps have a puzzling history. They seem to have been initiated before his larger maps for Britannia, but were not published until 1681 when they appeared under the title Speed's Maps Epitomiz'd. Blome re-issued them twice before his death in 1705. The plates were subsequently acquired by Thomas Taylor who brought out a new edition in 1715 titled England Exactly Described. There were further editions in 1715 (by Taylor), and in c1731 (by Thomas Bakewell). These later editions had roads added to the maps. This example of the Oxfordshire map is from the 1715 edition of the work. Original hand colour.
Ref: OXF 015
T. Hutchinson    Geographia Magnae Britanniae 1748
17 x 14.5cm

This small county atlas of England and Wales was first issued in 1748 by a consortium of 7 publishers who also had a stake in the publication of Daniel Defoe's Tour Through the Whole Island of Great Britain. It was advertised as a companion volume to Defoe's work, or as a pocket atlas in its own right. Thomas Hutchinson's name appears as the engraver on 2 maps, but the rest are unsigned and may be by a variety of hands. They are sometimes also known as Osborne/Wale maps. There was a second edition in 1756. Faint ex-library blindstamp to top 2 corners.
Ref: OXF 587
J. Ellis    Ellis's English Atlas 1766 (1765)
18.5 x 25cm

Joseph Ellis's English Atlas was an entry into the market for small county atlases by its publishers Robert Sayer and Carington Bowles. The county maps were closely based upon those drawn by Thomas Kitchin for the 1763 topographical work England Illustrated, the major difference being the attractive vignettes which replaced Kitchin's rococco cartouches. The atlas was first published in 1765, and soon became a commercial success, running to many later editions. It was promoted as a travelling atlas, and made available in various formats. These included a version with the maps printed back to back on each page, as with this example from a 1766 edition which has a map of Rutland on the reverse.
Ref: OXF 588
J. Cary    New and Correct English Atlas 1809 (1787)
21 x 26cm

The last decades of the 18th century saw less emphasis being placed on the traditions of decorative mapmaking in favour of a plainer style and design. Foremost amongst this new wave of "modern" cartographers and engravers was John Cary. The New and Correct English Atlas was Cary's first major production as a publisher in his own account. The maps were not only clearly and elegantly drawn and engraved, but also set new standards in accuracy in taking advantage of all the new large-scale county surveys of the second half of the 18th century. The atlas was first published in 1787, with a re-issue in 1793. By 1808 the plates were well worn, and the engraving of a new set was begun. The next dated edition of 1809, from which this example comes, utilised these new plates. Original outline colour.
Ref: OXF 589
J. Cary    Camden's Britannia 1806 (1789)
39.5 x 51.5cm

Camden's Britannia was first published in 1586. County maps by Kip and Hole were first added in 1607, being supplanted by those of Robert Morden for the 5 editions from 1695 to 1772. In 1789 a new translation of the work by Richard Gough was published by T. Payne and G. & J. Robinson with updated and modernised maps by John Cary. The same maps were also later used in Cary's New British Atlas of 1805. They can be found uncoloured, with outline colour and with full wash colour. This example is from the second Gough edition of Britannia, published in 1806, and the maps are in full wash colour - the most desirable state.
Ref: OXF 590
J. Aiken    England Delineated 1790
9.5 x 15cm

John Aikin (or Aiken) wrote this topographical work for children in order "to make my young countrymen better acquainted than they are usually found to be with their native land". The first edition of 1788 did not include county maps, but these were added for the second edition of 1790, from which this example comes. The work was published by Joseph Johnson, but the maps are unsigned. There were four later editions of the book with the maps, and one without. The Oxfordshire map is fairly simple, befitting the needs of its target audience, and the text may be available at no extra charge.
Ref: OXF 591
C. Smith    New English Atlas 1808 (1804)
44.5 x 50.5cm

Charles Smith was a successful London publisher and map-seller, whose work is stylistically very similar to that of John Cary. His large format New English Atlas first came to market in 1804, but many of the maps have also been found in folding format and may have been sold individually before the publication of the atlas. Smith's maps were well designed and accurate, making use of the large scale county surveys of the previous half-century. The atlas was a commercial success and was up-dated and re-published regularly until c1865 (the latter editions produced by lithographic transfer). This example is from the 1808 second edition, and is in bright and original full colour.
Ref: OXF 592
B. Capper    Topographical Dictionary of the UK 1808
10 x 18cm

Benjamin Pitts Capper was the author of this topographical directory, first published by R. Phillips in 1808. The maps were engraved, and possibly drawn by H. Cooper. Later editions of the work carry the imprint of G.and W.B. Whittaker who re-published the book from 1825-34. This example is from the first edition of 1808, with the hundreds shown in original, full wash colour.
Ref: OXF 593
J. Cary    New English Atlas 1811 (1809)
48 x 53.5cm

It is suprising that Cary's large county atlas was issued as late as 1809, as individual maps from it seem to have been sold singly from 1801. The atlas format was perhaps to compete with the similarly sized atlas of Charles Smith, which went under the same title and was published in 1804. It is perhaps Cary's finest production, the maps being notable for their fine design, detail and engraving. The atlas ran to several later editions by Cary, and the plates were later used for a variety of lithographic transfers by G.F. Cruchley. This example is from the second edition of 1811, and is in original full colour.
Ref: OXF 594
J. Pigot    British Atlas 1839-42 (1829)
22 x 36cm

James Pigot & Co's county maps were issued in their British Atlas (from c1829), in several of their national and local business directories (from 1826 for the "home counties", at least), and singly in folding form as travelling maps. They were amongst the first maps to be printed from steel instead of copper plates, allowing more accurate fine detail and less wear to the plates over time. Atlas and directories went through several editions up to around 1857, later editions from 1846 being re-named Slater's New British Atlas, with imprints changed accordingly. Original outline colour.
Ref: OXF 595
C. Greenwood    Atlas of the Counties of England 1834
70 x 57.5cm

Original full colour. A nice example in very good condition. The Greenwoods surveyed all the counties from 1817-33 for their beautifully engraved county atlas finally published in 1834. Maps were also sold singly as produced. The Oxfordshire map is corrected to 1834, and this example's centrefold shows it was sold in atlas format.
Ref: OXF 596
J. Barclay T. Moule    Barclay's Universal English Dictionary 1842 (1837)
19 x 25.5cm

Thomas Moule's antiquarian leanings are evident in this series of highly decorative county maps - a stylistic throwback in an age when cartographic work had become much plainer and more utilitarian. The maps were engraved by W. Smollinger, J. Bingley and J. Dower, and first appeared in Moule's English Counties Delineated, a partwork with text issued from 1830-32. They were subsequently made available as a complete work in 1837 under the same title, and were later re-issued in Barclay's Universal English Dictionary between 1842 and 1852. This latter work ran to several editions and the maps were often updated between editions to show the latest growth of the railway network. This example in modern colour is from the 1842 edition of Barclay's Dictionary in which the maps are usually found close trimmed. A little marginal foxing, and a short repaired tear at the bottom margin. Supplied mounted and ready for framing.
Ref: OXF 597
J. Archer T. Johnson    Johnson's Atlas of England 1847
16.5 x 23cm

Between 1832 and 1834 Joshua Archer engraved a set of maps for the serialised partwork Pinnock's Guide to Knowledge. The maps were unusual in being relief printed from wooden blocks to give a "white on black" presentation. In 1847 amended versions of the maps were re-issued in Thomas Johnson's county atlas. Various changes were made to the wood blocks (including a new "piano key" border, and the addition of railways), and printing was by lithographic transfer to give a more conventional and easier to read "black on white" presentation. The amended maps from Johnson's atlas are today something of a rarity. This example is in original wash colour and in nice condition.
Ref: OXF 004
J. Duncan    A Complete County Atlas of England and Wales 1840-45 (1825)
34 x 44cm

Coloured. These maps were first published in 1825, and probably sold singly. In 1833 they were re-published by James Duncan in a thematic atlas to illustrate the representative changes brought about by the 1832 Reform Act. There were later re-issues in 1840 and 1845 with the addition of railways, and this map dates from one of these editions. A little light offsetting.
Ref: OXF 1114
J. Walker    British Atlas 1854-6 (1837)
32 x 38.5cm

The Walker's British Atlas was first issued in 1837, and ran to many subsequent editions with frequent updates to railways and other information. This example is from the editions of 1854 or 1856 - so dated from the railways shown, the publisher's imprints, and the population figures quoted. Full wash colour.
Ref: OXF 1184
B. Clarke R. Rowe    The British Gazetteer 1852 (1816)
33.5 x 41cm

These maps first appeared in Rowe's English Atlas of 1816, being subsequently acquired by a succession of later publishers and used in a variety of their works. They were modified and updated during this time. This example is the second lithographic transfer for Clarke's British Gazetteer, published in 1852 by H.G. Collins. Folded and trimmed close to bottom right hand border to fit the volume.
Ref: OXF 1185
J. Lodge    Untitled Atlas of the English Counties c1795
26.5 x 32.5cm

This was one of a set of county maps engraved by John Lodge and issued between 1787 and 1790 in The Political Magazine, and Parliamentary, Naval, Military and Literary Journal, published initially by John Murray, and later by R. Butters. The maps were subsequently collected together and re-issued as an atlas (without title page) around 1795. For this atlas edition the imprint with the publication date and engraver's and publisher's signatures was removed from the maps. This example is from the atlas edition. The maps are well engraved in the plainer style then coming into vogue. They are uncommon, and sought by collectors.
Ref: OXF 002
J. Blaeu    Theatrum Orbis Terrarum, sive Atlas Novus/Atlas Maior 1645-62
50.5 x 38cm

The Blaeu family were one of the leading Dutch map producers of the 17th century. Their major work was a multi volume world atlas initiated by Willem Blaeu and expanded by his son Joan. Their maps were beautifully designed and engraved, and are often found with original colour, making them most desirable to collectors. 1645 saw the first publication of volume 4 of the atlas, containing maps of England and Wales. There were several re-issues between then and 1672 when most of Blaeu's plates were lost in a fire which engulfed his Amsterdam premises. Latin text on the verso narrows dating of this example to the editions of 1645, 1648 or 1662. The map is in full colour and in excellent condition. It is supplied in an attractive and double-glazed frame allowing the text on the verso to be read.
Ref: OXF 1629
R. Creighton S. Lewis    View of the Representative History of England 1835
18.5 x 25cm

This work was published in 1835 as a companion volume to Lewis's Topographic Dictionary. It contains county and borough maps, drawn by R. Creighton and engaved by J.& C. Walker, and was designed to show the electoral and boundary changes effected by the 1832 Reform Act. There were 2 issues of the work in 1835 and 1840, this example of the county map being from the 1835 first edition. Original outline colour.
Ref: OXF 003
G.A. Walpoole    The New British Traveller 1784
20 x 16cm

The New British Traveller was originally issued as a weekly partwork by the publisher Alexander Hogg, commencing in 1783. Once the series of 60 parts was completed in 1784 title pages were provided for the pages to be bound in a single volume. The work is a topographical review of Great Britain, containing numerous prints and a set of county and general maps. The maps are of varying sizes, being typically arranged 2,3 or 4 to a single page, with adjoining borders. When separated this means individual maps will be trimmed to the border on one or two sides and are often re-margined for mounting and framing. The map of Oxfordshire is close trimmed to the neat lines and has been re-margined and mounted ready for framing.
Ref: OXF 001
J. Wallis S. Oddy    Wallis's New Britlish Atlas 1813
27 x 18cm

James Wallis's New British Atlas was first published in 1813 by S.A. Oddy. There was a second edition in 1816. This example is from the 1813 edition, but the Oxfordshire map is unusual in lacking the publishers imprint and date present on nearly all the other maps in the source atlas. It is in attractive, original, full wash colour.
Ref: OXF 1567
J. Wallis W. Reid    The Panorama or Travellers' Instructive Guide 1820
6.5 x 10.5cm

Maps for this miniature atlas were probably drawn and engraved by James Wallis, though alternative imprints serve to confuse the issue, some crediting Wallis as the printer and W. Reid as the publisher, and other listing Wallis and C. Hinton as co-publishers. It is most likely that Hinton had an early interest in the project, but dropped out before publication in 1820 to be replaced by Reid. Ownership of the plates later passed to Hodgson and Co. who issued a further edition with slightly amended title in 1825. This example has the imprint of Hinton and Wallis.
Ref: OXF 005
H. Teesdale R. Rowe    New British Atlas 1829 (c1812-14)
34 x 41cm

This detailed and well engraved map was one of a set first published around 1812-14 by Robert Rowe, who was probably also their draftsman and engraver. The maps were initially sold singly in folding format until their collective issue in 1816 as The English Atlas. The plates were later acquired by Henry Teesdale, who amended titles and imprints and re-issued the work as the New British Atlas in 1829, with several re-issues up to 1842. The plates were later acquired and used by H.G. Collins and then by G. Philip and Son, who both used them as the base for lithographic transfers for a variety of works up to c1860.
Ref: OXF 006
C. Smith    New English Atlas 1828 or 1833 (1822)
18 x 23.5cm

In 1822 Charles Smith issued a county atlas with maps based on his larger county maps which had been in circulation for over 20 years. The new maps were smaller in scale, but the atlas bore the same title as that in which his larger maps appeared. They are clearly drawn and engraved, but although there were several editions of the atlas, they are today amongst the rarer of the 18th century county maps. This example is from the edition of 1828 or 1833, in which the maps have no date in the imprint, but before railways were added for the edition of 1844. Original outline colour.
Ref: OXF 007
T. Murray    An Atlas of the English Counties 1830
36 x 45cm

The title page of Murray's county atlas states that the maps were "Projected on the basis of the Trigonometrical Survey by order of the hon.ble The Board of Ordnance, under the superindendance of T.L. Murray". This might seem to imply the project had at least the official blessing, if not the active involvement of the Ordnance Survey, but is more likely to be a marketing puff. D. Hodson has suggested that the maps were copied from those of William Ebden published from 1825-8, both sets also being engraved by the same firm of Hoare & Reeves. Murray's Atlas was first published in 1830, with second and third editions in 1831 and 1832, the latter with the adddition of electoral data. by 1838 the plates had been acquired by W. Robson & Co. who published and sold the maps individually, and also used them in their commercial directories. This example is from the first edition of 1830. Original colour.
Ref: OXF 009
T. Badeslade W. Toms    Chorographia Britanniae 1742
14.5 x 15cm

Chorographia Britanniae was one of the most popular 18th century atlases, offering county maps showing main roads, a handy pocket-size format and useful extra information provided in the notes. Maps from fhe first edition published in 1742 (but with maps dated 1741) initially had sparse topographical information, but within a few months a second edition was issued in which the maps were re-engraved to include many more towns and villages. Several later re-issues followed and the work continued to be advertised until at least 1759. This example is dated 1741, and is from the first edition of the work. Some brown staining, mainly to the lower margin.Mounted.
Ref: OXF 013