(Maps) Somersetshire : 22 items
R. Morden    Fifty Six New and Accurate Maps of Great Britain, Ireland and Wales or Magna Britannia et Hibernia 1708-1739 (1701)
20.5 x 17.5cm

Morden's set of smaller maps may originally have been drawn and engraved for Camden's Britannia, but rejected as too small. They were first published in 1701 in The New Description and State of England, with a second edition in 1704. Subsequently the printing plates were amended by Herman Moll (e.g. compass roses, and some additional place names and roads were added) and the maps re-issued in 1708 under the title Fifty Six New and Accurate Maps of Great Britain, Ireland and Wales. The maps were further issued between 1708 and 1739 under the title Magna Britannia et Hibernia. This copy of the Somerset map dates between 1726 and 1739.
Ref: SOM 022
J. Seller    Camden's Britannia Abridg'd 1701 (c1695)
14.5 x 12cm

First published in Anglia Contracta in c1695, John Seller's maps were subsequently reissued in A History of England in 1696, and in Camden's Britannia Abridg'd in 1701. They were later re-used in the 1780's in Grose's Antiquities of England and Wales, for which titles and scale-bars were changed, the maps also being set in a page of text. The Seller/Grose maps are common, the originals by Seller much less so. This example of the Somerset map is from Camden's Britannia Abridg'd published in 1701. Modern hand colour.
Ref: SOM 017
T. Kitchin    The Antiquities of England and Wales c1789 (1749)
24.5 x 19cm

This map was first published in the May 1749 edition of the London Magazine, which between 1747 and 1754 issued a complete set of English county maps by Thomas Kitchin. The maps were later re-published by Alexander Hogg in Boswell's Antiquities of England & Wales, initially in partwork from c 1787-9, and then in several complete editions of the work up to 1798. This example of the Somerset map is from the first complete edition of Boswell's Antiquities dating from c1789.
Ref: SOM 019
J. Ellis    Ellis's English Atlas 1766 (1765)
25 x 19.5cm

Joseph Ellis's English Atlas was an entry into the market for small county atlases by its publishers Robert Sayer and Carington Bowles. The county maps were closely based upon those drawn by Thomas Kitchin for the 1763 topographical work England Illustrated, the major difference being the attractive vignettes which replaced Kitchin's rococco cartouches. The atlas was first published in 1765, and soon became a commercial success, running to many later editions. It was promoted as a travelling atlas, and made available in various formats. These included a version with the maps printed back to back on each page, as with this example from a 1766 edition which has a map of Shropshire on the reverse.
Ref: SOM 636
J. Lodge    Untitled Atlas of the English Counties c1795
32 x 26cm

This was one of a set of county maps engraved by John Lodge and issued between 1787 and 1790 in The Political Magazine, and Parliamentary, Naval, Military and Literary Journal, published initially by John Murray, and later by R. Butters. The maps were subsequently collected together and re-issued as an atlas (without title page) around 1795. For this atlas edition the imprint with the publication date and engraver's and publisher's signatures was removed from the maps. This example is from the atlas edition. The maps are well engraved in the plainer style then coming into vogue. They are uncommon, and sought by collectors.
Ref: SOM 001
B. Capper    Topographical Dictionary of the UK 1808
17.5 x 10.5cm

Benjamin Pitts Capper was the author of this topographical directory, first published by R. Phillips in 1808. The maps were engraved, and possibly drawn by H. Cooper. Later editions of the work carry the imprint of G.and W.B. Whittaker who re-published the book from 1825-34. This example is from the first edition of 1808, with the hundreds shown in original, full wash colour.
Ref: SOM 639
J. Cary    New English Atlas 1811 (1809)
54 x 48cm

It is suprising that Cary's large county atlas was issued as late as 1809, as individual maps from it seem to have been sold singly from 1801. The atlas format was perhaps to compete with the similarly sized atlas of Charles Smith, which went under the same title and was published in 1804. It is perhaps Cary's finest production, the maps being notable for their fine design, detail and engraving. The atlas ran to several later editions by Cary, and the plates were later used for a variety of lithographic transfers by G.F. Cruchley. This example is from the second edition of 1811, and is in original full colour.
Ref: SOM 640
J. Cary    A New Map of Somerset Divided into Hundreds 1811 (c1801)
50 x 49.5cm

Cary's large county maps were first issued individually from about 1801, before being collected into atlas format in 1809 under the title Cary's New English Atlas. There was a second edition of the atlas in 1811, for which the imprints on the maps were re-dated. The maps continued to be sold individually, and this example is dated 1811. It is dissected and linen-backed and folds into card covers, although it is missing the original slipcase. Original full-wash colour. it bears the signature of (probably) the original owner in the top-left corner.
Ref: SOM 011
A. Fullarton    The Parliamentary Gazetteer of England and Wales 1847 (1833)
24 x 19cm

These maps were first published by Fullarton and Co. in 1833 in James Bell's New and Comprehensive Gazetteer of England and Wales which was re-issued three times in the 1830's. They were subsequently re-published (again by Fullarton) in 1840 in The Parliamentary Gazetteer of England and Wales, with several further re-issues up to 1849. The maps were engraved on steel and sometimes bear the name of the engraver and sometimes not. This example is from the Parliamentary Gazetteer of 1847 and lacks an engraver's signature.
Ref: SOM 642
J. Barclay T. Moule    Barclay's Universal English Dictionary 1852 (1837)
27 x 21cm

Thomas Moule's antiquarian leanings are evident in this series of highly decorative county maps - a stylistic throwback in an age when cartographic work had become much plainer and more utilitarian. The maps were engraved by W. Smollinger, J. Bingley and J. Dower, and first appeared in Moule's English Counties Delineated, a partwork with text issued from 1830-32. They were subsequently made available as a complete work in 1837 under the same title, and were later re-issued in Barclay's Universal English Dictionary between 1842 and 1852. This latter work ran to several editions and the maps were often updated between editions to show the latest growth of the railway network. This example in modern colour is from the 1852 edition of Barclay's Dictionary. Supplied mounted and ready for framing.
Ref: SOM 643
J. Walker W. Hobson    Hobson's Fox-hunting Atlas 1849-51
40 x 32.5cm

Original colour in good condition. In c1849 maps from the Walkers' British Atlas were used for this new publication for the hunting enthusiast. The maps were overprinted and coloured to show the territories of the various hunts.The Atlas continued into the 1880's (later editions being titled "Walkers Fox-hunting Atlas" This example is believed to be an early one.
Ref: SOM 644
A. Perrot    L'Angleterre ou Description Historique et Topographique 1824, 1828 or 1835 (1824)
7.5 x 11cm

The text for this French topographical work on Britain was written by George Depping, the maps being drawn by Aristide Perrot and engraved by A. Migneret. It was first published in 1824, with subsequent editions in 1828 and 1835. The maps often cover more than one county as in this example which also includes Dorset. The surrounding decorative border shows the typical produce and wares of the counties. Original outline colour. A few small, light-brown spots. Supplied mounted.
Ref: DOR 031
R. Ramble W. Darton    Reuben Ramble's Travel's through the Counties of England 1845
15 x 19cm

These maps (without the decorative borders) were first issued in 1821 in Miller's New Miniature Atlas. The plates were later acquired by William Darton who re-issued them as a miniature atlas, but also used the maps, now further embellished by country scenes, in this children's work. Reuben Ramble is an invented character. Original colour to the illustrations.
Ref: SOM 020
J. Walker    British Atlas 1854-6 (1837)
38.5 x 31.5cm

The Walker's British Atlas was first issued in 1837, and ran to many subsequent editions with frequent updates to railways and other information. This example is from the editions of 1854 or 1856 - so dated from the railways shown, the publisher's imprints, and the population figures quoted. Full wash colour.
Ref: SOM 1188
G. Valck J. Jansson P. Schenk    Schenk and Valk Composite Atlases and sold singly 1694-c1714 (1646)
48.5 x 37cm

Jan Jansson was one of Amsterdam's leading 17th century mapmakers, and a close rival to the Blaeu family. His multi-volume world atlas first saw the introduction of 6 maps of individual English counties into the German edition of 1636, and a further 11 of English and Welsh counties in the Dutch edition of 1644. But when Jansson saw the 1645 Blaeu volume with more decorative maps covering all the English and Welsh counties, he felt obliged to revise his existing plates and complete the set in order to compete. His new volume covering England and Wales was first published in the 1646 Latin text edition of the Atlas Novus. There were several later editions by Jansson, and later issues by Schenk and Valk who acquired the plates in 1694. This example bears the Schenk and Valck imprint, and has a graticule of latitude and longitude added. It is in original full colour.
Ref: SOM 1222
J. Jansson    Atlas 1636
50 x 38cm

The plates of Mercator's 1595 Atlas later passed to the Hondius family and then to Jan Jansson who all continued to issue new editions with changes and additions along the way. In 1636 Jansson issued a new German edition of the atlas in which a number of new maps of individual English counties appeared for the first time, including this map of Somerset (mis-spelled Somerest-shire). These maps appeared again in the 1644 Dutch edition, but were subsequently revised with the addition of coats of arms and other decorative flourishes to better compete with the British maps in Vol 4 of Blaeu's 1645 Theatrum Orbis Terrarum. The revised versions were then re-published in Jansson's Atlas Novus of 1646.This first-state version of Somerset is not common, and would be a welcome addition to any Somerset collection.
Ref: SOM 1242
R. Blome    England Exactly Described 1715 (1681)
24 x 19.5cm

Blome's smaller series of county maps have a puzzling history. They seem to have been initiated before his larger maps for Britannia, but were not published until 1681 when they appeared under the title Speed's Maps Epitomiz'd. Blome re-issued them twice before his death in 1705. The plates were subsequently acquired by Thomas Taylor who brought out a new edition in 1715 titled England Exactly Described. There were further editions in 1715 (by Taylor), and in c1731 (by Thomas Bakewell). These later editions had roads added to the maps. This example of the Somerset map is from the 1715 edition of the work. Original hand colour. A narrow bottom border, but as printed and without loss.
Ref: SOM 021
J. Wallis S. Oddy    Wallis's New Britlish Atlas 1813
26.5 x 18cm

James Wallis's New British Atlas was first published in 1813 by S.A. Oddy. There was a second edition in 1816. This example is from the first edition and is dated 1812 on the imprint. It is in attractive, original, full wash colour, and in good condition.
Ref: SOM 1578
E. Langley W. Belch    Langley's New County Atlas of England and Wales 1820 (1818)
26 x 17cm

Langley's county atlas was first published in 1818 by Edward Langley and William Belch, who were in partnership from 1807-1820. This example is from the second edition of the atlas published by Joseph Phelps in 1820, shortly after the dissolution of the partnership. Phelps name now appears on the imprint in place of the original partners, but the atlas title is still attributed to Langley. The maps from the work are attractive, with topograhical vignettes (in this case St. Vincent's Rock and Hot Wells, Bristol), and usually found in original full wash colour.
Ref: SOM 003
R. Creighton S. Lewis    View of the Representative History of England 1835
24.5 x 18.5cm

This work was published in 1835 as a companion volume to Lewis's Topographic Dictionary. It contains county and borough maps, drawn by R. Creighton and engaved by J.& C. Walker, and was designed to show the electoral and boundary changes effected by the 1832 Reform Act. There were 2 issues of the work in 1835 and 1840, this example of the county map being from the 1835 first edition. Original outline colour.
Ref: SOM 008
H. Teesdale R. Rowe    New British Atlas 1830 (1812-14)
41 x 34cm

This detailed and well engraved map was one of a set first published around 1812-14 by Robert Rowe, who was probably also their draftsman and engraver. The maps were initially sold singly in folding format until their collective issue in 1816 as The English Atlas. The plates were later acquired by Henry Teesdale, who amended titles and imprints and re-issued the work as the New British Atlas in 1829, with several re-issues up to 1842. The plates were later acquired and used by H.G. Collins and then by G. Philip and Son, who both used them as the base for lithographic transfers for a variety of works up to c1860. This example is from the 1830 second edition of Teesdale's atlas. Original wash colour. A couple of marginal, repaired tears, not affecting the printed image.
Ref: SOM 013
C. Smith    New English Atlas (reduced maps) 1828 or 1833 (1822)
24 x 19cm

In 1822 Charles Smith issued a county atlas with maps based on his larger county maps which had been in circulation for over 20 years. The new maps were smaller in scale, but the atlas bore the same title as that in which his larger maps appeared. They are clearly drawn and engraved, but although there were several editions of the atlas, they are today amongst the rarer of the 18th century county maps. This example is from the edition of 1828 or 1833, in which the maps have no date in the imprint, but before railways were added for the edition of 1844. Original outline colour.
Ref: SOM 012