Bedfordshire : 34 items


C. Saxton P. Lea    The Shires of England & Wales 1732-48 (1579)
51 x 39cm

In c1689 Philip Lea published a new edition of Saxton's atlas, the plates being much revised to include roads and town plans. Lea's plates were acquired by George Wildey in 1730 who added his own imprint and sold the maps singly or in atlas format. The Saxton map originally covered the 5 counties of Northants, Beds, Hunts. Rutland and Cambridge. Lea's revisions obliterated much of Cambridge and Wildey had to have a new map of this county engraved for the atlas. Old colour. A very good example of this most desirable and scarce map.G. Wildey imprint.
Ref: NTN 516
J. Speed    Theatre of the Empire of Great Britaine 1616 (1612)
50.5 x 37.5cm

John Speed's maps of the English and Welsh counties are amongst the most decorative of early, British cartographic work, and are eagerly sought after today. They were first published in 1612 in The Theatre of the Empire of Great Britaine, designed as a companion volume to Speed's History of Great Britaine. The maps were based on the earlier surveys of Saxton, Norden and a few others, with engraving contracted to Jodocus Hondius whose signature appears on 33 of the maps. Speed's greatest innovation was the inclusion of inset plans of major towns and cities. Although some were copied from earlier work, for many towns this was first plan ever published. Speed's county atlas was re-issued a number of times for a period of around 160 years, with new publishers making various small changes and updates to the maps over time. This is an early example of the Bedfordshire map, dating from the edition of 1616 with Latin text to the verso instead of English. A minor repair to a lower centrefold split.
Ref: BED 049
J. Blaeu    Theatrum Orbis Terrarum 1645, 1648, 1663 or 1667
24 x 41.5cm

The Blaeu family were one of the leading Dutch map producers of the 17th century. Their major work was a multi volume world atlas initiated by Willem Blaeu and expanded by his son Joan. Their maps were beautifully designed and engraved, and are often found with original colour, making them most desirable to collectors. 1645 saw the first publication of volume 4 of the atlas, containing maps of England and Wales. There were several re-issues between then and 1672 when most of Blaeu's plates were lost in a fire which engulfed his Amsterdam premises. Most maps in the atlas have a double page to themselves, but the Bedfordshire and Buckinghamshire maps shared a double page, each being presented within its own framed borders. Today these two maps are usually found separated. French text on the verso narrows dating of this example to the editions of 1645, 1648, 1663 or 1667. Original colour. Mounted.
Ref: BED 074
R. Morden    Camden's Britannia 1695 -1772
39.5 x 31.5cm

Camden's Britannia - a history and topography of Britain - was first published in 1586 and had a long and successful publication history. County maps by Kip and Hole were addded in 1607, and these also appeared in the editions of 1610 and 1637. Over 50 year's later it was decided to issue a new and updated edition. The original Latin text was re-translated by Edmund Gibson, and Robert Morden was commissioned to provide a new set of county and general maps in a more modern style. The revised work was issued in 1695. There were 4 further editions of the Gibson/Morden work, the last in 1772, before a further updated version by Richard Gough was launched in 1789, with new maps by John Cary. This is an attractively coloured example from one of the Gibson editions. A couple of repaired marginal nicks and tears not affecting the printed area.
Ref: BED 004
T. Jefferys T. Kitchin    The Small English Atlas 1785-c1796 (1749)
13.5 x 13cm

The Small English Atlas was initially published by Kitchin and Jefferys as a weekly partwork, beginning in November 1748. Sale as a complete atlas followed the final and 13th part of the series. The individual maps generally appear in two or three states (though Bedfordshire is unusual in having four), with plate numbers being added some time during the life of the 1751 edition. Before 1775 the printing plates became the property of Robert Sayer, John Bennet, and John and Carington Bowles, and editions of the work were sold by them and their successors until around 1825. Despite this, the maps are far from commonplace on today's market. The Bedfordshire map was first issued in 1749, and this example is in the map's fourth state, which would date it to the later editions of the atlas issued from 1785 to c1796. Original outline colour. Slightly toned overall.
Ref: BED 043
E. Bowen    General Magazine of Arts and Sciences 1760
17 x 19cm

This map first appeared in the March 1760 number of Benjamin Martin's General Magazine of Arts and Sciences, a monthly partwork which between 1755 and 1762 issued a series of county maps. In 1763 those parts relating to natural history were collected together into 2 volumes with the county maps and offered under the title The Natural History of England. There were no later re-issues and the maps are not common. This example, in modern hand colour, and is sold mounted and ready to frame if so desired.
Ref: BED 070
J. Ellis    Ellis's English Atlas 1766 (1765)
19.5 x 25.5cm

Joseph Ellis's English Atlas was an entry into the market for small county atlases by its publishers Robert Sayer and Carington Bowles. The county maps were closely based upon those drawn by Thomas Kitchin for the 1763 topographical work England Illustrated, the major difference being the attractive vignettes which replaced Kitchin's rococco cartouches. The atlas was first published in 1765, and soon became a commercial success, running to many later editions. It was promoted as a travelling atlas, and made available in various formats. These included a version with the maps printed back to back on each page, as with this example, which dates from a 1766 edition and has a map of Britain under the Saxon Heptarchy printed on the reverse. Short tear to left margin not affecting printed area.
Ref: BED 008
G. Rollos    England Displayed 1769 (1763)
19 x 28.5cm

In 1762-3 George Rollos engraved 5 maps of English and Welsh counties for The British Magazine. In 1769 four of the maps were re-issued, with the original imprints removed, in the topographical work England Displayed. This example is from this latter publication.
Ref: BED 040
J. Aiken    England Delineated 1790
8 x 15cm

John Aikin (or Aiken) wrote this topographical work for children in order "to make my young countrymen better acquainted than they are usually found to be with their native land". The first edition of 1788 did not include county maps, but these were added for the second edition of 1790, from which this example comes. The work was published by Joseph Johnson, but the maps are unsigned. There were four later editions of the book with the maps, and one without. The Bedfordshire map is fairly simple, befitting the needs of its target audience, and the text may be available at no extra charge.
Ref: BED 011
J. Wilkes S.M. Neele    Encyclopaedia Londinensis 1801
19 x 23.5cm

Over the first decades of the 19th century, Samuel Neele engraved a number of maps for the Encyclopaedia Londinensis which was published serially. A number of these maps state specifically in the imprint that they were engraved for the Encyclopaedia. The lower margin of this example of the Bedfordshire map has been trimmed, resulting in the loss of the imprint. Comparison with another Bedfordshire example reveals that it did not carry an attribution to the Enclyclopaedia, but did bear the name of the publisher J. Wilkes, and the date 1801. An unprepossessing little map but not commonly found - one for the collector.
Ref: BED 030
R. Butters    New English Atlas 1803/1804
8.5 x 12cm

An Atlas of England/The Picture of England Illustrated. These small maps were first issued in 1803 as An Atlas of England. There was a subsequent re-issue the following year in The Picture of England Illustrated, by William Green. Butters' maps are most unusual in being orientated so that their tiltles and place names read from east to west. In the case of Bedfordshire this means that north is at the bottom rather than the top of the map. The maps are quite rare. Original colour.
Ref: BED 044
J. Pigot    Untitled Set of County Maps c1829/30
22x 36cm

James Pigot & Co's county maps were issued in their British Atlas (from c1829), in several of their national and local business directories (from 1826 for some of the "home counties", at least), and singly in folding form as travelling maps. They were amongst the first maps to be printed from steel instead of copper plates, allowing more accurate fine detail and less wear to the plates over time. Atlas and directories went through several editions up to around 1857, later editions from 1846 being re-named Slater's New British Atlas, with imprints changed accordingly. This copy is the first state of the Bedfordshire map as issued in an untitled set of maps around 1829/30, and precedes the atlas proper (see Chambers "Printed Maps and Town Plans of Bedfordshire 1576-1900", entry 85 (i). Original outline colour. A little toning.
Ref: BED 054
R. Creighton S. Lewis    A Topographical Dictionary of England 1831 or 1835
17.5 x 23cm

Samuel Lewis' Topographical Dictionary was first published in 1831, and there were a mumber or re-issues up to 1849. The county maps, which were drawn by R. Creighton and engraved by J.& C. Walker, were sometimes published with the text and sometimes in a separate, accompanying atlas volume. This example dates from the 1831 or 1835 editions.
Ref: BED 065
A. Fullarton    The Parliamentary Gazetteer of England and Wales 1840-49 (1833)
18.5 x 24.5cm

These maps were first published by Fullarton and Co. in 1833 in James Bell's New and Comprehensive Gazetteer of England and Wales which was re-issued three times in the 1830's. They were subsequently re-published (again by Fullarton) in 1840 in The Parliamentary Gazetteer of England and Wales, with several further re-issues up to 1849. The maps were engraved on steel and sometimes bear the name of the engraver and sometimes not. This example is from the Parliamentary Gazetteer and bears the signature of Gray & Son as engravers. Supplied mounted and ready for framing.
Ref: BED 034
J. Barclay T. Moule    Barclay's Universal English Dictionary 1842-52 (1837)
19.5 x 26.5cm

Thomas Moule's antiquarian leanings are evident in this series of highly decorative county maps - a stylistic throwback in an age when cartographic work had become much plainer and more utilitarian. The maps were engraved by W. Smollinger, J. Bingley and J. Dower, and first appeared in Moule's English Counties Delineated, a partwork with text issued from 1830. They were subsequently made available as a complete work in 1837 under the same title, and were later re-issued in Barclay's Universal English Dictionary between 1842 and 1852. This latter work ran to several editions and the maps were often updated between editions to show the latest growth of the railway network. This example in modern colour is from an edition of Barclay's Dictionary between 1842 and 1852. Supplied mounted and ready to frame.
Ref: BED 055
J. Archer    Dugdale's England and Wales Delineated 1842 or 1846 (1842)
18 x 23.5cm

This map by Joshua Archer first appeared in 1842 in Dugdale's Curiosities of Great Britain, England and Wales Delineated. There were several further editions of the work up to 1858, some with slight amendments to the title. This example is from the 1842 or 1846 editions of the work. Modern colour. The same set of maps were also used in other publications such as Barclay's Universal English Dictionary, and Tallis's Topographical Dictionary of England and Wales.
Ref: BED 058
J. Duncan W. Ebden    A Complete County Atlas of England and Wales 1833-38 (1825)
34.5 x 44.5cm

Between 1824 and 1828 William Ebden produced a set of county maps which were issued under various publisher's imprints, and probaby only sold singly. In 1833 they were re-published by James Duncan in a thematic atlas to illustrate the representative changes brought about by the 1832 Reform Act. There were several subsequent editions between 1835 and 1845, with railways being added to the later editions. This example has no railways (first added 1840) and is therefore from one of the earlier editions of Duncan's atlas between 1833 and 1838. The printing plates were later acquired and re-used by Stanfords.
Ref: BED 056
J. Cary    New and Correct English Atlas 1787
21 x 26.5cm

The last decades of the 18th century saw less emphasis being placed on the traditions of decorative mapmaking in favour of a plainer style and design. Foremost amongst this new wave of "modern" cartographers and engravers was John Cary. The New and Correct English Atlas was Cary's first major production as a publisher in his own account. The maps were not only clearly and elegantly drawn and engraved, but also set new standards in accuracy in taking advantage of all the new large-scale county surveys of the second half of the 18th century. The atlas was first published in 1787, with a re-issue in 1793. Later editions from 1809 used a new set of plates, the originals being now well worn. This example is from the first edition of 1787 and is in original outline colour.
Ref: BED 036
J. Cowley    The Geography of England 1743 (1741
13.5 x 16cm

Cowley's Bedfordshire map was one of six county maps first issued in a short-lived partwork titled The Publick Register;or The Weekly Magazine. Bedfordshire appeared in March 1741. The publisher, R. Dodsley, subsequently decided to complete the set of maps for a new topographical work, The Geography of England. This book's title page is dated 1744, though other evidence suggests an actual publication date of November 1743. The 52 maps were re-issued in 1745 and 1748 as a county atlas without text under the title A New Sett of Pocket Maps of all the Counties of England and Wales. The maps are uncommon.
Ref: BED 069
A. Perrot    L'Angleterre, ou Description Historique et Topographique du Royaume de la Grande-Bretagne 1824-35
6 x 10.5cm

The text for this French topographical work on Britain was written by George Depping, the maps being drawn by Aristide Perrot and engraved by A. Migneret. It was first published in 1824, with subsequent editions in 1828 and 1835. The maps often cover more than one county as in this example which also includes Hertfordshire, Huntingdonshire and Cambridgeshire. The surrounding decorative border shows the typical produce and wares of the counties. Original outline colour.
Ref: HRT 1685
T. Hutchinson    Geographia Magnae Britannia 1748 or 1756
16.5 x 14.5cm

This small county atlas of England and Wales was first issued in 1748 by a consortium of 7 publishers who also had a stake in the publication of Daniel Defoe's Tour Through the Whole Island of Great Britain. It was advertised as a companion volume to Defoe's work, or as a pocket atlas in its own right. Thomas Hutchinson's name appears as the engraver on 2 maps, but the rest are unsigned and may be by a variety of hands. They are sometimes also known as Osborne/Wale maps. There was a second edition in 1756. Mounted.
Ref: BED 048
H. Moll    The Geography of England and Wales 1747 (1724)
31 x 19.5cm

Moll's county atlas was first published in 1724. This map dates from the 1747 edition in which the title of the work was changed, the order in which the maps appeared was revised, and plate numbers were amended accordingly. This is the last edition with the marginal engravings of antiquities which were removed from subsequent editions. A few marginal nicks not affecting the printed area.
Ref: BED 1422
T. Kitchin    The Antiquities of England and Wales 1787-98 (1751)
16.5 x 20cm

This map was first published in the November 1747 edition of the London Magazine, which between 1747 and 1754 issued a complete set of English county maps by Thomas Kitchin. The maps were later re-published in 1787-98 by Alexander Hogg in Boswell's Antiquities of England & Wales, and this example is from this later issue.
Ref: BED 033
J. Gibson    New And Accurate Maps of the Counties of England and Wales 1759-c1779
6.5 x 11cm

These attractive, miniature maps by John Gibson were first published in 1759 by John Newbery, and were possibly targeted at the children's market. A second edition was issued in 1779 by Thomas Carnan, who had succeeded to Newbery's business. A nice example of an uncommon miniature map in original outline colour.
Ref: BED 1423
T. Kitchin    England Illustrated 1763
19.5 x 25cm

England Illustrated was a topographical work on England and Wales published in 2 volumes by R. and J. Dodsley. The work included a set of English and Welsh county maps drawn and engraved by Thomas Kitchin. These were republished without the text as Kitchin's English Atlas in 1765.
Ref: BED 1590
R. Blome    Britannia 1673
25 x 32cm

Originally intended as volume 3 of a larger cartographic project (The English Atlas), Blome's Britannia was published alone in 1673. A rare second edition was issued in 1677. The Bedfordshire map is dedicated to the Earl of Alisbury and Elgin, who was also Lord Lieutenant of the County. A small pinhole.
Ref: BED 021
R. Blome    England Exactly Described c1717-31 (1681)
16 x 23cm

Blome's smaller series of county maps have a puzzling history. They seem to have been initiated before his larger maps for Britannia, but were not published until 1681 when they appeared under the title Speed's Maps Epitomiz'd. Blome re-issued them twice before his death in 1705. The plates were subsequently acquired by Thomas Taylor who brought out a new edition in 1715 titled England Exactly Described.Taylor removed Blome's dedications on a number of maps including this one of Bedfordshire. This copy is probably from the 1717 edition by Taylor or the later edition published by Bakewell, as it includes a plate number and has had roads added.
Ref: BED 023
J. Seller    Anglia Contracta c1695
14.5 x 12cm

First published in Anglia Contracta in c1695, Seller's maps were subsequently reissued in A History of England in 1696, and in Camden's Britannia Abridged in 1701. They were later re-used in the 1780's in Grose's Antiquities of England and Wales, for which titles and scale-bars were changed, the maps also being set in a page of text. The Seller/Grose maps are common, the originals by Seller much less so. Supplied mounted ready for framing if desired.
Ref: BED 029
R. Creighton S. Lewis    View of the Representative History of England 1835
18 x 24.5cm

This work was published in 1835 as a companion volume to Lewis's Topographic Dictionary. It contains county and borough maps, drawn by R. Creighton and engaved by J.& C. Walker, and was designed to show the electoral and boundary changes effected by the 1832 Reform Act. There were 2 issues of the work in 1835 and 1840, this example of the county map being from the 1835 first edition. Original outline colour. The map suffers from foxing and is priced accordingly.
Ref: BED 031
J. Harrison    Maps of the English Counties 1791 (1788)
33 x 46cm

Harrison's atlas was published in 1791, but maps were engraved and dated between 1787 and 1791, and may have been sold singly as completed. Bedfordshire is dated 1788.
Ref: BED 041
E. Bowen    Bowles New Medium Atlas 1785 (1767)
22 x 32cm

This map first appeared in 1767 in the Atlas Anglicanus, published by Thomas Kitchin with maps engraved by Emanuel and Thomas Bowen. The maps copied the Large English Atlas in style, with rococo cartouches, and topographical notes surrounding the maps. The maps for the Atlas Anglicanus were first issued in monthly partworks between 1767 and 1768 before the complete atlas followed in 1768. Emanuel Bowen was named as the sole author on the first state of the Bedfordshire map, as is the case on some 10 others, but after his death in 1767, his son Thomas completed the series, most other maps citing both father and son jointly. There was a second edition of the atlas in c1777, before the plates passed to Carington Bowles and were updated and re-issued as Bowles' New Medium English Atlas in 1785. On Bowles' death the plates passed to his business successors, trading as Bowles and Carver, who re-issued the atlas sometime after 1793 with their own imprint as proprietors on individual maps. The Atlas Anglicanus was not a commercial success and maps from it are not commonly found. This example is from the atlas's 1785 issue by Bowles, for which individual map titles titles were changed, with Bowles name replacing that of Bowen. Original outline colour.
Ref: BED 045
T. Murray    An Atlas of the English Counties 1830
35.5 x 45cm

The title page of Murray's county atlas states that the maps were "Projected on the basis of the Trigonometrical Survey by order of the hon.ble The Board of Ordnance, under the superindendance of T.L. Murray". This might seem to imply the project had at least the official blessing, if not the active involvement of the Ordnance Survey, but is more likely to be a marketing puff. D. Hodson has suggested that the maps were copied from those of William Ebden published from 1825-8, both sets also being engraved by the same firm of Hoare & Reeves. Murray's Atlas was first published in 1830, with second and third editions in 1831 and 1832, the latter with the adddition of electoral data. by 1838 the plates had been acquired by W. Robson & Co. who published and sold the maps individually, and also used them in their commercial directories. This example is from the first edition of 1830. Original colour.
Ref: BED 047
M. Drayton    Polyolbion 1622
30.5 x 24cm

Polyolbion or "A Chorographical Description of all the Tracts, Rivers, Mountains, Forests, and other Parts of this Renowned Isle of Great Britain" is a strange work. It is made up of a series of "songs" in poetic form by Michael Drayton, these being illustrated with a series of maps, probably engraved by William Hole. It was first published in 1612 with 18 songs, each with a related map. In 1622 an expanded version was published with "Part Two" containing an additional 12 songs and associated maps. The new "Part Two" included this map covering Bedfodrshire and part of Huntingdonshire and Cambridgeshire. The maps show no county borders or boundaries, but focus on rivers and are illustrated with allegorical figures of hunters, water nymphs and such like. This was the only issue of this map. Supplied mounted.
Ref: BED 051

Topographical prints - other areas

A. Hogg    Antiquities of England and Wales c1787-89
17.5 x 16cm

Bedfordshire - Houghton Park House. The Antiquities of England and Wales was the product of Alexander Hogg who was well known as a partwork publisher. Under the claimed authorship of Henry Boswell it was issued serially from c1787-9, and subsequently made available as a complete work. The format was typically two (though sometimes up to 6) prints to a page, with one or two accompanying pages of descriptive text on each pair of subjects. It also included the set of English county maps by Thomas Kitchin first used in the London Magazine from 1747-54. Houghton House, near Ampthill, was built in the early 17th century. Its ruins are still extant and administered by English Heritage. This print was engraved by Lodge and comes with the original, accompanying text page from the work.
Ref: TOP 615