Copperplate

Sussex : 25 items

Maps

J. Speed    Theatre of the Empire of Great Britaine 1676 (1612)
£930
50.5 x 38cm


John Speed's maps of the English and Welsh counties are amongst the most decorative of early, British cartographic work, and are eagerly sought after today. They were first published in 1612 in The Theatre of the Empire of Great Britaine, designed as a companion volume to Speed's History of Great Britaine. The maps were based on the earlier surveys of Saxton, Norden and a few others, with engraving contracted to Jodocus Hondius whose signature appears on 33 of the maps. Speed's greatest innovation was the inclusion of inset plans of major towns and cities. Although some were copied from earlier work, for many towns this was first plan ever published. Speed's county atlas was re-issued a number of times for a period of around 160 years, with new publishers making various small changes and updates to the maps over time. This example bears the imprint of Basset & Chiswell, dating it to the edition of 1676. A most attractive map based on John Norden's original work.
Ref: SUS 690
 
J. Blaeu    Atlas Mayor 1659 or 1662 (1645)
£550
52 x 38cm


The Blaeu family were one of the leading Dutch map producers of the 17th century. Their major work was a multi volume world atlas initiated by Willem Blaeu and expanded by his son Joan. Their maps were beautifully designed and engraved, and are often found with original colour, making them most desirable to collectors. 1645 saw the first publication of volume 4 of the atlas, containing maps of England and Wales. There were several re-issues between then and 1672 when most of Blaeu's plates were lost in a fire which engulfed his Amsterdam premises. Spanish text on verso dates this example to the 1659 or 1662 editions. Original full colour. Repaired top and bottom centrefold tears but well outside the printed area.
Ref: SUS 691
 
J. Seller    Camden's Britannia Abridg'd 1701 (c1695)
£45
15 x 12cm


First published in Anglia Contracta in c1695, John Seller's maps were subsequently reissued in A History of England in 1696, and in Camden's Britannia Abridg'd in 1701. They were later re-used in the 1780's in Grose's Antiquities of England and Wales, for which titles and scale-bars were changed, the maps also being set in a page of text. The Seller/Grose maps are common, the originals by Seller much less so. This example of the Sussex map is from Camden's Britannia Abridg'd published in 1701. Modern hand colour. Supplied mounted.
Ref: SUS 018
 
F. Grose J. Seller    The Antiquities of England & Wales 1787-1809 (1695)
£30
15 x 12cm


Coloured. In 1695 John Seller published a county atlas titled Anglia Contracta. The plates were much later acquired by Francis Grose, revised, and used in a supplement to his partwork on British antiquities. The supplement with maps was first published in 1787, and ran to several later editions.
Ref: SUS 693
 
S. Simpson    The Agreeable Historian 1746
£80
19 x 16cm


The Agreeable Historian was a weekly partwork, intended to be bound into 3 volumes when completed. It was issued in 109 parts beween December 1743 and December 1745, with the final title page being dated 1746. The work was a topographical review of the counties of England, being published by R. Walker, with Samuel Simpson cited as the author.
Ref: SUS 020
 
T. Hutchinson    Geographia Magnae Britanniae 1748
£45
17 x 14.5cm


This small county atlas of England and Wales was first issued in 1748 by a consortium of 7 publishers who also had a stake in the publication of Daniel Defoe's Tour Through the Whole Island of Great Britain. It was advertised as a companion volume to Defoe's work, or as a pocket atlas in its own right. Thomas Hutchinson's name appears as the engraver on 2 maps, but the rest are unsigned and may be by a variety of hands. They are sometimes also known as Osborne/Wale maps. There was a second edition in 1756. A short tear repaired on the verso without loss. Mounted.
Ref: SUS 006
 
J. Ellis    Ellis's English Atlas 1766 (1765)
£95
25 x 19.5cm


Joseph Ellis's English Atlas was an entry into the market for small county atlases by its publishers Robert Sayer and Carington Bowles. The county maps were closely based upon those drawn by Thomas Kitchin for the 1763 topographical work England Illustrated, the major difference being the attractive vignettes which replaced Kitchin's rococco cartouches. The atlas was first published in 1765, and soon became a commercial success, running to many later editions. It was promoted as a travelling atlas, and made available in various formats. These included a version with the maps printed back to back on each page, as with this example from a 1766 edition which has a map of Surrey on the reverse.
Ref: SUS 696
 
J. Cary    New and Correct English Atlas 1809 (1787)
£37
26.5 x 21cm


The last decades of the 18th century saw less emphasis being placed on the traditions of decorative mapmaking in favour of a plainer style and design. Foremost amongst this new wave of "modern" cartographers and engravers was John Cary. The New and Correct English Atlas was Cary's first major production as a publisher in his own account. The maps were not only clearly and elegantly drawn and engraved, but also set new standards in accuracy in taking advantage of all the new large-scale county surveys of the second half of the 18th century. The atlas was first published in 1787, with a re-issue in 1793. By 1808 the plates were well worn, and the engraving of a new set was begun. The next dated edition of 1809, from which this example comes, utilised these new plates. Original outline colour.
Ref: SUS 697
 
W. Faden    A Topographical Map of the County of Sussex 1799
£135
78.5 x 36.5cm


In 1795 Thomas Gream published a one inch map of Sussex on 4 sheets, the majority of the survey work being done by W. Gardner and T. Yeakell, who were also given access to survey data of the Ordnance Survey. As often occurred with one inch maps, a reduced size version was subsequently issued, in this case by William Faden at the scale of 1/3rd of an inch to the mile. The map was engraved by I. (John?) Palmer. There were later editions in 1823, c1844 and c1850-60. This example is the first edition of 1799. It is dissected and linen-backed, folding into a slip case. Original outline colour. Slight off-setting.
Ref: SUS 012
 
J. Cary    New English Atlas 1811 (1809)
£105
53.5 x 48cm


It is suprising that Cary's large county atlas was issued as late as 1809, as individual maps from it seem to have been sold singly from 1801. The atlas format was perhaps to compete with the similarly sized atlas of Charles Smith, which went under the same title and was published in 1804. It is perhaps Cary's finest production, the maps being notable for their fine design, detail and engraving. The atlas ran to several later editions by Cary, and the plates were later used for a variety of lithographic transfers by G.F. Cruchley. This example is from the second edition of 1811, and is in original full colour. A vertical crease, and some repaired tears at lower centrefold.
Ref: SUS 701
 
J. Pigot    British Atlas c1829 (c1826)
£65
35.5 x 23.5cm


James Pigot & Co's county maps were issued in their British Atlas (from c1830), in several of their national and local business directories (from at least 1826 for the "home counties", including Sussex), and singly in folding form as travelling maps. They were amongst the first maps to be printed from steel instead of copper plates, allowing more accurate fine detail and less wear to the plates over time. Atlas and directories went through several editions up to around 1857, later editions from 1846 being re-named Slater's New British Atlas, with imprints changed accordingly. This example is from the first atlas edition of c1829. Original outline colour. A slight crease.
Ref: SUS 017
 
J. Barclay T. Moule    Barclay's Universal English Dictionary 1844/1845 (1837)
£80
26 x 20cm


Thomas Moule's antiquarian leanings are evident in this series of highly decorative county maps - a stylistic throwback in an age when cartographic work had become much plainer and more utilitarian. The maps were engraved by W. Smollinger, J. Bingley and J. Dower, and first appeared in Moule's English Counties Delineated, a partwork with text issued from 1830-32. They were subsequently made available as a complete work in 1837 under the same title, and were later re-issued in Barclay's Universal English Dictionary between 1842 and 1852. This latter work ran to several editions and the maps were often updated between editions to show the latest growth of the railway network. This example in modern colour can be dated by railway information to the 1844 or 1845 editions of Barclay's Dictionary. Supplied mounted and ready for framing.
Ref: SUS 004
 
R. Blome    England Exactly Described 177 or 1731 (1681)
£85
21.5 x 14cm


Blome's smaller series of county maps have a puzzling history. They seem to have been initiated before his larger maps for Britannia, but were not published until 1681 when they appeared under the title Speed's Maps Epitomiz'd. Blome re-issued them twice before his death in 1705, under new titles and sometimes with changed dedications (as was the case with the Sussex map). The plates were subsequently acquired by Thomas Taylor who brought out a new edition in 1715 titled England Exactly Described. The final issue of the work was by Thomas Bakewell in 1731. The presence of plate numbers and roads dates this example to either the 1717 edition by Taylor, or the 1831 Bakewell edition. Supplied mounted and ready to frame.
Ref: SUS 019
 
J. Lodge    Untitled Atlas of the English Counties c1795
£120
31.5 x 25.5cm


This was one of a set of county maps engraved by John Lodge and issued between 1787 and 1790 in The Political Magazine, and Parliamentary, Naval, Military and Literary Journal, published initially by John Murray, and later by R. Butters. The maps were subsequently collected together and re-issued as an atlas (without title page) around 1795. For this atlas edition the imprint with the publication date and engraver's and publisher's signatures was removed from the maps. This example is from the atlas edition. The maps are well engraved in the plainer style then coming into vogue. They are uncommon, and sought by collectors.
Ref: SUS 016
 
R. Creighton S. Lewis    View of the Representative History of England 1835
£24
25 x 18cm


This work was published in 1835 as a companion volume to Lewis's Topographic Dictionary. It contains county and borough maps, drawn by R. Creighton and engaved by J.& C. Walker, and was designed to show the electoral and boundary changes effected by the 1832 Reform Act. There were 2 issues of the work in 1835 and 1840, this example of the county map being from the 1835 first edition. Original outline colour.
Ref: SUS 002
 
H. Teesdale R. Rowe    New British Atlas 1830 (1812-14)
£45
41 x 34cm


This detailed and well engraved map was one of a set first published around 1812-14 by Robert Rowe, who was probably also their draftsman and engraver. The maps were initially sold singly in folding format until their collective issue in 1816 as The English Atlas. The plates were later acquired by Henry Teesdale, who amended titles and imprints and re-issued the work as the New British Atlas in 1829, with several re-issues up to 1842. The plates were later acquired and used by H.G. Collins and then by G. Philip and Son, who both used them as the base for lithographic transfers for a variety of works up to c1860. This example is from the 1830 second edition of Teesdale's atlas. Original wash colour. One repaired tear entering the lower border by c1.5cm.
Ref: SUS 008
 

Topographical prints - other areas

A. Hogg G.A. Walpoole    The New British Traveller 1784
£10
22 x 23.5cm


Brighton from the sea & Chichester. The New British Traveller was one of a number of publications by Alexander Hogg aiming to tap the bouyant market for works on British topography and antiquities. It included text on each couny, a set of county maps by T. Conder and others, and numerous copperplate prints by a variety of engravers. The work was initially issued in 60 parts from c1783, and then as a complete work from 1784. Brighton (or Brighthelmstone as it was once called), was a small settlement at the time of Domesday Book, and remained a fishing village until its development in the 18th and 19th centuries into a fashionable seaside resort.This was helped by its patronage by the Prince Regent, the future George IV, who first visited in 1783, and later built his Royal Pavillion there in the 1820's. Chichester was an important Roman town, which became a Bishop's seat in 1075, and its cathedral - shown in this print - dates from that time. This print has a narrow righ-hand margin, but sufficient for mounting.
Ref: TOP 123
 
A. Hogg G.A. Walpoole    The New British Traveller 1784
£10
21.5 x 34.5cm


Arundel Castle & Lord George Lenox's seat at West Stoke. The New British Traveller was one of a number of publications by Alexander Hogg aiming to tap the bouyant market for works on British topography and antiquities. It included text on each couny, a set of county maps by T. Conder and others, and numerous copperplate prints by a variety of engravers. The work was initially issued in 60 parts from c1783, and then as a complete work from 1784. The construction of Arundel Castle was begun in 1067 by Roger de Montgomery. It guards the Arun gap through the South Downs, and has been owned by the Howard family, Dukes of Norfolk, since 1557. In the 18th and 19th centuries it was remodelled as a comfortable stately home, and is today open to the public. Lord George Lennox made his reputation as a soldier, but was also an MP, representing the constituencies of Chichester, and later Sussex betwenn 1761 and 1790. His house at West Stoke, 4 miles from Chichester, still survives as a private residence.The print has a few spots to the margins, which would be hidden by a mount.
Ref: TOP 124
 
A. Hogg H. Boswell    The Antiquities of England and Wales c1787-9
£8
17 x 11cm


Winchelsea Castle. The Antiquities of England and Wales was the product of Alexander Hogg who was well known as a partwork publisher. Under the claimed authorship of Henry Boswell it was issued serially from c1787-9, and subsequently made available as a complete work. The format was typically 2 (though sometimes up to 6) prints to a page, with one or two accompanying pages of descriptive text on each pair of subjects. It also included the set of English county maps by Thomas Kitchin first used in the London Magazine from 1747-54. Old Winchelsea was a thriving port, dating from Saxon times, which was lost to encroachment by the sea in 1287. King Edward I founded a new town to replace it in 1288. New Winchelsea had fortified town walls and 4 gates, but never had a castle. The castle here mis-named is actually Camber Castle built in 2 stages from 1512-14 and 1539-55 to protect the port of Rye. Camber Castle is only just over 1mile from both Winchelsea and Rye. It is today maintained by English Heritage and open to the public. This print is engraved by Sparrow.
Ref: TOP 377
 
A. Hogg H. Boswell    The Antiquities of England and Wales c1787-9
£8
18.5 x 15cm


Boxgrove Priory (near Chichester). The Antiquities of England and Wales was the product of Alexander Hogg who was well known as a partwork publisher. Under the claimed authorship of Henry Boswell it was issued serially from c1787-9, and subsequently made available as a complete work. The format was typically 2 (though sometimes up to 6) prints to a page, with one or two accompanying pages of descriptive text on each pair of subjects. It also included the set of English county maps by Thomas Kitchin first used in the London Magazine from 1747-54. Boxgrove Priory was a Benedictine house founded by Robert de Haye around 1066. After the dissolution of the monasteries the Priory church was retained to serve the parish, as it still does today. Other ruins of the Priory, including its hospitium or guest house, are under the care of English Heritage with free access to the public. This print, engraved by Thornton, is supplied with the original, accompanying text.
Ref: TOP 379
 
A. Hogg H. Boswell    The Antiquities of England and Wales c1787-9
£8
18.5 x 15cm


Battle Abbey. The Antiquities of England and Wales was the product of Alexander Hogg who was well known as a partwork publisher. Under the claimed authorship of Henry Boswell it was issued serially from c1787-9, and subsequently made available as a complete work. The format was typically 2 (though sometimes up to 6) prints to a page, with one or two accompanying pages of descriptive text on each pair of subjects. It also included the set of English county maps by Thomas Kitchin first used in the London Magazine from 1747-54. Battle Abbey was built between 1070 and 1094 on the site of the Battle of Hastings. After the dissolution of the monasteriespart of the site became a private house, other parts being robbed for their stone. Some surviving ruins today form part of Battle Abbey School. Other parts are maintained by English Heritage and open to the public. This print was engraved by Thornton.
Ref: TOP 380
 
A. Hogg H. Boswell    The Antiquities of England and Wales c1787-9
£12
19 x 31.5cm


Lewes Priory. The Antiquities of England and Wales was the product of Alexander Hogg who was well known as a partwork publisher. Under the claimed authorship of Henry Boswell it was issued serially from c1787-9, and subsequently made available as a complete work. The format was typically 2 (though sometimes up to 6) prints to a page, with one or two accompanying pages of descriptive text on each pair of subjects. It also included the set of English county maps by Thomas Kitchin first used in the London Magazine from 1747-54. Lewes Priory was a Cluniac house to the south of Lewes in the Ouse Valley. It was founded in c1081, and mostly demolished after the dissolution of the monasteries. Some remains still survive in public grounds owned by Lewes Town Council, and managed by a local Trust with free access. This print, engraved by Page, offers 2 views on 1 sheet, and is supplied with the original, accompanying text
Ref: TOP 381
 
Author not known.   Picturesque Europe c1875
£10
22.5 x 16.5cm


Bodiam Castle. Picturesque Europe was a serialised partwork, designed as a showcase for steel and wood engravings after and by significant artists of the day. The 60 parts were published monthly from 1875 to 1880.When sets of parts were completed, they were also sold as complete volumes, building to a full 5-volume set, 2 volumes of which were devoted to the British Isles.This wood-cut print, engraved by J.W. Whymper, shows Bodiam Castle, and appeared in Part 4 of the work. Between 1385 and 1389 Richard II gave license" to crennelate" to Edward Dalngrigge, Lord of the Manor of Bodiam.Rather than fortify his existing manor house, he built Bodiam Castle on a new site. The property passed through the hands of several later owners, by marriage or by sale, and after partilal sleighting in the civil war it decayed, though still occupied, before two bouts of restoration in the mid 1800's. In 1925 it passed to the ownership of the National Trust who maintain it today, with public access.
Ref: TOP 198
 
Author not known.   Picturesque Europe c1875
£10
15.5 x 23.5cm


Hurstmonceaux Castle. Picturesque Europe was a serialised partwork, designed as a showcase for steel and wood engravings after and by significant artists of the day. The 60 parts were published monthly from 1875 to 1880.When sets of parts were completed, they were also sold as complete volumes, building to a full 5-volume set, 2 volumes of which were devoted to the British Isles.This wood-cut print has an unidentifiable author's cypher, and appeared in Part 5 of Picturesque Europe, published c1875.The construction of Hutstmonceaux Castle was begun in 1441 by Sir Roger Fiennes, on the site of an earlier manor house. By the mid 18th centry it had decayed and was partially dismantled in1777, leaving the exterior walls standing as a picturesque shell (as shown here). In the 20th centry it was, however, restored for use as a private house, and subsequently became the home of the Royal Greenwich Observatory from 1957-88. It is today owned by Queen's University, Canada, and run as The Bader International Study Centre.
Ref: TOP 199
 
Author not known.   Picturesque Europe c1875
£10
22.5 x 16.5cm


Off Beachy Head, Sussex . Picturesque Europe was a serialised partwork, designed as a showcase for steel and wood engravings after and by significant artists of the day. The 60 parts were published monthly from 1875 to 1880.When sets of parts were completed, they were also sold as complete volumes, building to a full 5-volume set, 2 volumes of which were devoted to the British Isles.This vivid wood-cut print, engraved by J.W. Whymper after a drawing by T.L. Rowbotham, shows small boats salvaging wreckage after a storm, with Beachy Head and Eastbourne as a backdrop.
Ref: TOP 200